FASHION DESIGN (APPAREL) NC III – TESDA COURSE MODULE

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TESDA TRAINING REGULATIONS FOR FASHION DESIGN (APPAREL) NC III

The TESDA Course in FASHION DESIGN (APPAREL) NC III consists of competencies that a person must achieve to create and produce quality apparel for made-to-order, ready- to- wear/off-the-rack clothing and uniforms reflecting the cultural and social influences of a specific time and trend.

A student who has achieved this TESDA Course in FASHION DESIGN (APPAREL) NC III is competent to be:

  • Fashion Illustrator (Apparel)
  • Production Manager (Apparel)
  • Fashion Stylist (Apparel)
  • Fashion Designer (Apparel)

FASHION DESIGN (APPAREL) NC III COURSE MODULE

Course Title: FASHION DESIGN (APPAREL)
Level: NC III
Nominal Training Duration :

(Basic Competency) 17 hours
(Common Competency) 20 hours
(Core Competency) 360 hours

TOTAL DURATION: 397 Hours

This course is designed to enhance the knowledge, skills and attitude of Fashion Designer in accordance with industry standards. It covers the basic, common and core competencies on creating garment design, calculating and procuring garment materials, coordinating garment prototype preparation, supervising garment production, evaluating finished product, packaging of finished garment and promoting fashion products and services.

TRAINEE ENTRY REQUIREMENTS

Trainees or students wishing to gain entry into this course should possess the following requirements:

  • Attended training in Dressmaking NC II or Tailoring NC II, or with one year work experience in Dressmaking or Tailoring
  • can communicate both oral and written
  • physically and mentally fit
  • with good moral character
  • can perform basic mathematical computation
  • computer literate

COMPETENCIES REQUIRED IN FASHION DESIGN (APPAREL) NC III

This units of competency comprising this qualification include Basic, Common and Core Competencies.

To obtain this TESDA Course in FASHION DESIGN (APPAREL) NC III, all units prescribed below for this qualification must be achieved.

These units of competency comprising this qualification include the following:

UNIT CODE CORE COMPETENCIES (360 hours)
GRM743317 Create garment designs
GRM743318 Calculate and procure garment materials
GRM743319 Supervise garment prototype preparation and mass production
GRM743320 Evaluate finished product
GRM743321 Supervise packaging and dispatching of finished garment
GRM743322 Perform promotional activities for fashion products and/or services
UNIT CODE COMMON COMPETENCIES (20 hours)
GRM743203 Carry out measurements and calculation
GRM743204 Set up and operate machine/s
GRM743205 Perform basic maintenance
HCS515201 Maintain an effective relationship with clients/customers
HCS515202 Manage own performance
HCS515204 Apply quality standards
UNIT CODE BASIC COMPETENCIES (17 hours)
500311109 Lead Workplace Communication
500311110 Lead Small Teams
500311111 Develop and Practice Negotiation skills
500311112 Solve Problems Related to Work Activities
500311113 Use Mathematical Concepts and Techniques
500311114 Use Relevant Technologies

These guidelines are set to provide the Technical Vocational Education and Training (TVET) providers with information and other important requirements to consider when designing training programs for FASHION DESIGN (APPAREL) NC III.

CORE COMPETENCIES

UNIT OF COMPETENCY : CREATE GARMENT DESIGNS
UNIT CODE : GRM743317

This unit covers the knowledge, skills and attitude required in creating garment designs. This includes interviewing clients, sketching, and finalizing garment designs.

  1. Determine client requirements
    • Rapport with client is established in accordance with shop procedures
    • Client requirements are identified based on clothing needs and specifications and is then verified/confirmed with client
    • Suggestions/input are provided based on client’s specifications
  2. Research fashion trends and theme analysis
    • Reference sources appropriate to illustration requirements are gathered/accessed and studied in accordance with client’s requirements
    • Principles and elements of design are analyzed in accordance with agreed design
    • Eco- fashion practices/sustainable fashion are applied in accordance with the design concept
    • Design are sketched and evaluated based on client’s figure details
  3. Produce designs
    • Initial designs are prepared, presented and explained based on gathered information
    • Sample materials are presented for client’s approval
    • Revisions are noted and integrated in the design in accordance with client’s preference.
    • Final sketch are presented to client based on the noted revisions made
    • Affirmation of design is secured/confirmed with client
    • Sketches and designs are filed in accordance to company procedure.

UNIT OF COMPETENCY : CALCULATE AND PROCURE GARMENT MATERIALS
UNIT CODE : GRM743318

The unit applies to materials and resources used to procure textiles and include skills and knowledge required to locate and compare materials and resources needed for production it also covers the calculation of production costs.

  1. Source garment materials
    • Suppliers are identified in accordance with the required material to be purchased
    • Canvassing of materials is performed considering the price, availability and quality based on job requirements
    • Best supplier is selected based on canvass results and client requirements
  2. Identify garment cost components
    • Costs of fabric, modiste supplies and trimmings for sample garments and production are estimated in accordance with the agreed design
    • Costs are identified based on sample product.
    • Differences in costs for single and bulk production garments are determined
  3. Calculate production costs
    • Labor costs in production are identified and calculated based on the garment design
    • Different methods of production in fashion industry are identified and compared for costs and benefits
    • Optimum production plan and costs are selected based on cost estimates and delivery dates
    • Components of costing sheets are recorded in accordance with the company’s format
    • Costing sheet is completed for a commissioned garment
  4. Purchase garment materials
    • Order is placed and coordinated with selected supplier based on agreed mode of payment and delivery date
    • Quantity and quality of garment materials are checked based on delivery receipt
    • Out-of-specification materials are reported and returned to the supplier for replacement/refund
    • Where necessary, substitute materials/colors are selected and referred to client for approval
    • Garment material inventories are maintained in accordance with company procedures

UNIT OF COMPETENCY : SUPERVISE GARMENT PROTOTYPE PREPARATION AND MASS PRODUCTION
UNIT CODE : GRM743319

This unit covers the outcomes required in supervising the preparation of garment prototypes and mass production of the client-approved garment.

  1. Oversee prototype preparation
    • Prepared specification sheet is checked in accordance with standard format
    • Preparation and cutting of patterns and detailed drawings are checked/confirmed in coordination with concerned personnel
    • Assembled garments are checked according to specification sheet, OHS practices and accepted garment assembly techniques
    • Assembly issues are communicated to appropriate production personnel for necessary adjustments
    • Finished prototype is test-fitted and compared based on specification sheet.
    • Concerned personnel are given instructions to make the necessary alterations in accordance with the revised specification sheet
    • Quality and impact of altered finished garment are checked against original design concept and revised specification sheet
    • Approval of garment prototype is sought from the client
  2. Oversee mass production of garment
    • Revised specification sheets are distributed to concerned unit heads for reference
    • Work flow is planned systematically in accordance with garment assembly techniques.
    • Production personnel are identified based on job requirements
    • Work instructions are explained to production personnel
    • Distribution of materials to unit heads is ensured and supervised
  3. Monitor progress of production
    • Ongoing communication with team members is maintained to ensure obligations, quality, timelines, budget and technical constraints are met in accordance with office procedures.
    • Quality assurance practices are conducted to check pattern, sizing, materials and construction comply with design specifications.
    • Changes in production procedures are communicated with concerned personnel and documented.
    • Production activities are monitored to ensure compliance with OHS practices.
  4. Resolve production problems
    • Methods to solve process or work flow problems are identified through meetings or discussions.
    • Knowledge of process improvement and efficient production techniques/systems are used to assist in systematic identification and resolution of process or work flow problems.
    • Preferred option to resolve problem is recommended and documented.
    • Implementation of recommended problem resolution option is facilitated.

UNIT OF COMPETENCY : EVALUATE FINISHED PRODUCT
UNIT CODE : GRM743320

This unit covers the knowledge, skills and attitude required to evaluate completed garment products against client and design requirements.

  1. Evaluate final product
    • Information on development process is assembled and evaluated.
    • Product is assessed as to specifications for quality output
    • Pertinent results are identified, in consultation with others as necessary, and used to draft plans for future action.
    • Production outcomes are discussed with project team to review strengths and weaknesses of process.
    • When necessary, inferior quality of finished garment is determined for alteration.
  2. Cost outcome
    • Development costs are monitored based on actual production
    • Actual costs are compared to budget estimates and inconsistencies identified and explained.
    • Impact of costing inconsistencies is considered for effect on product sale cost.
  3. Maintain records
    • Production and monitoring records are maintained and reports prepared, as necessary.
    • Pattern and design production processes and findings are documented.
    • Records are updated periodically or as needed in accordance with company procedure

UNIT OF COMPETENCY : SUPERVISE PACKAGING AND DISPATCHING OF FINISHED GARMENT
UNIT CODE : GRM743321

This unit covers the knowledge, skills and attitude required in supervising packaging of garments to prepare them for dispatch/delivery

  1. Oversee preparation for packaging of finished garment
    • Necessary documents, packaging materials and accessories are selected in accordance with finished garments and mode of delivery
    • Concerned personnel are instructed to arrange finished garments in sequence and checked for completeness prior to packaging
    • Work problems are assessed and resolved based on company standard procedures and product specification
  2. Oversee packaging of finished garment
    • Packaging instructions are given to concerned personnel
    • Work is assessed and problems are resolved for compliance with quality standards and production specifications
    • Packed garments are checked and corrective measures are undertaken to resolve problems encountered
  3. Oversee dispatching of packed garments
    • Documentation is checked for completeness and accuracy in compliance with company procedures
    • Packed garments are directed for dispatch/delivery
    • Receipt of delivered garments are verified with the dispatcher and the client as necessary

UNIT OF COMPETENCY : PERFORM PROMOTIONAL ACTIVITIES FOR FASHION PRODUCTS AND/OR SERVICES
UNIT CODE : GRM743322

This unit describes the skills required to promote fashion products and services to current and potential clients, customers and supporters.

  1. Analyze target market
    • Target market for a product or service is identified in consultation with other relevant parties and in accordance with promotional plans
    • Consumer attributes for the market or market segment are identified
    • Consumer needs for the products or services are assessed based on trends and past performance
    • Target market is confirmed based on products or services and according to organizational policies
  2. Identify promotional strategies/activities and resources
    • Seasonal events of the year are analyzed and evaluated based on the sale of the previous fashion season
    • Promotional activities and resources are identified and assessed for each identified event to ensure compatibility with industry practices
    • Other relevant details that may affect promotional activities are identified
    • Action plans are developed to provide details of products and services being promoted
    • Calendar of events are prepared based on approved action plan and fashion forecast of the season
    • Approval of promotional strategies is sought from authorized person and communicated to all concerned personnel
  3. Implement promotional activities
    • Stakeholders and other clients are oriented on their implementation roles and responsibilities
    • Relevant industry knowledge and experiences are applied to maximize the promotion of products and services
    • Time management and organizational skills are used to exploit all promotional opportunities
    • The benefits of the product or services are highlighted to meet the needs of the customers and/or clients
    • Promotional and sales techniques are applied to a range of situations and customer /client requirements based on accepted industry standards and enterprise policy
  4. Monitor progress of on-going promotion
    • Client’s feedback is analyzed to determine the impact of the promotional activity on products or services
    • Effectiveness of promotional plans/activities is assessed to identify possible improvements in future activities
    • Costs and time lines are analyzed to evaluate the benefits accruing from the promotional activities
    • Contingency measures are planned and prepared, when necessary
    • Corrective measures are implemented, where applicable
  5. Evaluate results of promotion
    • Evaluation processes and criteria are identified based on fashion product or services being promoted
    • Promotional activities are evaluated against criteria
    • Program strengths as well as areas for improvements are identified as basis for continual enhancement of the promotional programs
    • Outcomes of the evaluation are documented and communicated to relevant personnel to guide future activities in the promotion of fashion products or services

COMMON COMPETENCIES

UNIT OF COMPETENCY: CARRY OUT MEASUREMENTS AND CALCULATIONS
UNIT CODE: GRM743203

This unit covers the knowledge and skills required in taking accurate measurements of the client and calculating/estimating the materials, requirements cost.

  1. Obtain measurements
    • Measurements are obtained to job instructions using measuring devices
    • Type of measurement to be used is identified.
  2. Perform simple calculations
    • Simple calculations are carried out based on the requirements of the situation
    • Correctness of calculations verified based on production requirements
  3. Estimate approximate quantities
    • Measurements or quantities are estimated on job requirements
    • Measurements are identified/recorded without error
    • Quantities of materials suitable for work undertaken are calculated and recorded according to job instructions
    • Costs for simple project are estimated to within + or 10%.

UNIT OF COMPETENCY: SET UP AND OPERATE MACHINE/S
UNIT CODE: GRM743204

This unit covers the knowledge and skills required in setting up and operating machines.

  1. Set machines
    • Product specifications are interpreted in relation to machine setting requirements
    • Type of sewing machine to be set up is identified in accordance with the job requirement
    • Machine is set in accordance with product specifications, machine manufacturer’s instructions and company procedures
  2. Conduct sample run
    • Materials to be used for sampling are obtained
    • Machine is operated in accordance with manufacturer’s and company instructions to produce a specified sample
  3. Test machine output
    • Machine outputs are tested or organized in accordance with company procedures to ensure required standards of quality are met
  4. Re-adjust machine setting to meet requirements
    • Test results are interpreted to determine adjustment requirements
    • Adjustment changes are assessed in accordance with product and machine specifications
    • Appropriate production personnel are informed of the availability of the newly set up machine in accordance with workplace procedures
  5. Maintain records
    • Records are maintained and reports prepared in accordance with the company procedures

UNIT OF COMPETENCY : PERFORM BASIC MAINTENANCE
UNIT CODE: GRM743205

This unit covers the knowledge and skills required in performing minor maintenance of the machines used by dressmaker/tailor.

  1. Operate machine and assess its performance
    • Machine is started and stopped in accordance with manufacturer’s and enterprise requirements
    • Machine operation is monitored to ensure that correct procedures are assessed and product meets quality standards
    • Problem with machine is identified and reported in accordance with company procedures
  2. Clean and lubricate machine
    • Machine is cleaned and lubricated in accordance with workplace requirements and manufacturer’s cleaning and lubricating instructions
    • Machine operation is monitored to ensure correct procedures are carried out and work meets quality standards.
  3. Check machine operation
    • Machine is checked to ensure correct operation
    • Problems encountered and similar observations are documented and referred to supervisor or appropriate personnel

UNIT OF COMPETENCY : MAINTAIN AN EFFECTIVE RELATIONSHIP WITH CLIENTS/CUSTOMERS
UNIT CODE : HCS516201

This unit covers the knowledge, skills and attitudes required in building and maintaining an effective relationship with clients, customers and the public.

  1. Maintain a professional image
    • Uniform and personal grooming maintained to assignment requirements
    • Personal presence maintained according to employer standards
    • Visible work area kept tidy and uncluttered
    • Equipment stored according to assignment requirements
  2. Meet client/customer requirements
    • Client requirements identified and understood by referral to the assignment instructions
    • Client requirements met according to the assignment instructions
    • Changes to client’s needs and requirements monitored and appropriate action taken
    • All communication with the client or customer is clear and complies with assignment requirements
  3. Build credibility with customers/clients
    • Client expectations for reliability, punctuality and appearance adhered to
    • Possible causes of client/customer dissatisfaction identified, dealt with and recorded according to employer policy
    • Client fully informed of all relevant security matters in a timely manner and according to agreed reporting procedures

UNIT OF COMPETENCY : MANAGE OWN PERFORMANCE
UNIT CODE : HCS516202

This unit covers the knowledge, skills and attitudes required in effectively managing own workload and quality of work.

  1. Plan for completion of own workload
    • Tasks accurately identified
    • Priority allocated to each task
    • Time lines allocated to each task or series of tasks.
    • Tasks deadlines known and complied with whenever possible.
    • Work schedules are known and completed within agreed time frames.
    • Work plans developed according to assignment requirements and employer policy.
    • Uncompleted work or tasks detailed and responsibility for completion passed to incoming shift or other appropriate persons.
  2. Maintain quality of own performance
    • Personal performance continually monitored against agreed performance standards.
    • Advice and guidance sought when necessary to achieve or maintain agreed standards.
    • Guidance from management applied to achieve or maintain agreed standards.
    • Standard of work clarified and agreed according to employer policy and procedures.
  3. Build credibility with customers/clients
    • Client expectations for reliability, punctuality and appearance adhered to.
    • Possible causes of client/customer dissatisfaction identified, dealt with and recorded according to employer policy.
    • Client fully informed of all relevant security matters in a timely manner and according to agreed reporting procedures.

UNIT OF COMPETENCY : APPLY QUALITY STANDARDS
UNIT CODE : HCS515204

This unit covers the knowledge, skills and attitudes needed to apply quality standards in the workplace.

The unit also includes the application of relevant safety procedures and regulations, salon/organizational procedures and other client requirements.

  1. Assess clients service needs
    • Work instruction is obtained and work is carried out in accordance with standard operating procedures
    • Client’s needs are checked against workplace standards and specifications
    • Faults on clients and any identified causes are recorded and/or reported to the supervisor concerned in accordance with workplace procedures
    • Clients profile and service extended to them are documented in accordance with workplace procedures
  2. Assess own work
    • Documentation relative to quality within the company is identified and used
    • Completed work is checked against workplace standards relevant to the task undertaken
    • Errors are identified and improved on
    • Information on the quality and other indicators of individual performance is recorded in accordance with workplace procedures
    • In cases of deviations from specific quality standards, causes are documented and reported in accordance with the workplace’ standard operating procedures
  3. Engage in quality improvement
    • Process improvement procedures are participated in relative to workplace assignment
    • Work is carried out in accordance with process improvement procedures
    • Performance of operation or quality of product of service to ensure other client satisfaction is monitored

BASIC COMPETENCIES

The BASIC COMPETENCIES refer to non-technical skills (knowledge, skills and attitudes) that everybody will need in order to perform satisfactorily at work and in society and are considered portable and transferable irrespective of jobs and industrial settings.

UNIT OF COMPETENCY : LEAD WORKPLACE COMMUNICATION
UNIT CODE : 500311109

This unit covers the knowledge, skills and attitudes required to lead in the dissemination and discussion of ideas, information and issues in the workplace.

  1. Communicate information about workplace processes
    • Appropriate communication method is selected
    • Multiple operations involving several topics areas are communicated accordingly
    • Questions are used to gain extra information
    • Correct sources of information are identified
    • Information is selected and organized correctly
    • Verbal and written reporting is undertaken when required
    • Communication skills are maintained in all situations
  2. Lead workplace discussions
    • Response to workplace issues are sought
    • Response to workplace issues are provided immediately
    • Constructive contributions are made to workplace discussions on such issues as production, quality and safety
    • Goals/objectives and action plan undertaken in the workplace are communicated
  3. Identify and communicate issues arising in the workplace
    • Issues and problems are identified as they arise
    • Information regarding problems and issues are organized coherently to ensure clear and effective communication
    • Dialogue is initiated with appropriate personnel
    • Communication problems and issues are raised as they arise

UNIT OF COMPETENCY : LEAD SMALL TEAMS
UNIT CODE : 500311110

This unit covers the knowledge, skills and attitudes to lead small teams including setting and maintaining team and individual performance standards.

  1. Provide team leadership
    • Work requirements are identified and presented to team members
    • Reasons for instructions and requirements are communicated to team members
    • Team members’ queries and concerns are recognized, discussed and dealt with
  2. Assign responsibilities
    • Duties, and responsibilities are allocated having regard to the skills, knowledge and aptitude required to properly undertake the assigned task and according to company policy
    • Duties are allocated having regard to individual preference, domestic and personal considerations, whenever possible
  3. Set performance expectations for team members
    • Performance expectations are established based on client needs and according to assignment requirements
    • Performance expectations are based on individual team members duties and area of responsibility
    • Performance expectations are discussed and disseminated to individual team members
  4. Supervised team performance
    • Monitoring of performance takes place against defined performance criteria and/or assignment instructions and corrective action taken if required
    • Team members are provided with feedback, positive support and advice on strategies to overcome any deficiencies
    • Performance issues which cannot be rectified or addressed within the team are referenced to appropriate personnel according to employer policy
    • Team members are kept informed of any changes in the priority allocated to assignments or tasks which might impact on client/customer needs and satisfaction
    • Team operations are monitored to ensure that employer/client needs and requirements are met
    • Follow-up communication is provided on all issues affecting the team
    • All relevant documentation is completed in accordance with company procedures

UNIT OF COMPETENCY : DEVELOP AND PRACTICE NEGOTIATION SKILLS
UNIT CODE : 500311111

This unit covers the skills, knowledge and attitudes required to collect information in order to negotiate to a desired outcome and participate in the negotiation.

  1. Plan negotiations
    • Information on preparing for negotiation is identified and included in the plan
    • Information on creating non verbal environments for positive negotiating is identified and included in the plan
    • Information on active listening is identified and included in the plan
    • Information on different questioning techniques is identified and included in the plan
    • Information is checked to ensure it is correct and up-to- date
  2. Participate in negotiations
    • Criteria for successful outcome are agreed upon by all parties
    • Desired outcome of all parties are considered
    • Appropriate language is used throughout the negotiation
    • A variety of questioning techniques are used
    • The issues and processes are documented and agreed upon by all parties
    • Possible solutions are discussed and their viability assessed
    • Areas for agreement are confirmed and recorded
    • Follow-up action is agreed upon by all parties

UNIT OF COMPETENCY : SOLVE PROBLEMS RELATED TO WORK ACTIVITIES
UNIT CODE : 500311112

This unit of covers the knowledge, skills and attitudes required to solve problems in the workplace including the application of problem solving techniques and to determine and resolve the root cause of problems.

  1. Identify the problem
    • Variances are identified from normal operating parameters; and product quality
    • Extent, cause and nature are of the problem are defined through observation, investigation and analytical techniques
    • Problems are clearly stated and specified
  2. Determine fundamental causes of the problem
    • Possible causes are identified based on experience and the use of problem solving tools / analytical techniques.
    • Possible cause statements are developed based on findings
    • Fundamental causes are identified per results of investigation conducted
  3. Determine corrective action
    • All possible options are considered for resolution of the problem
    • Strengths and weaknesses of possible options are considered
    • Corrective actions are determined to resolve the problem and possible future causes
    • Action plans are developed identifying measurable objectives, resource needs and timelines in accordance with safety and operating procedures
  4. Provide recommendation/s to manager
    • Report on recommendations are prepared
    • Recommendations are presented to appropriate personnel.
    • Recommendations are followed-up, if required

UNIT OF COMPETENCY : USE MATHEMATICAL CONCEPTS AND TECHNIQUES
UNIT CODE : 500311113

This unit covers the knowledge, skills and attitudes required in the application of mathematical concepts and techniques.

  1. Identify mathematical tools and techniques to solve problem
    • Problem areas are identified based on given condition
    • Mathematical techniques are selected based on the given problem
  2. Apply mathematical procedure/solution
    • Mathematical techniques are applied based on the problem identified
    • Mathematical computations are performed to the level of accuracy required for the problem
    • Results of mathematical computation is determined and verified based on job requirements
  3. Analyze results
    • Result of application is reviewed based on expected and required specifications and outcome
    • Appropriate action is applied in case of error

UNIT OF COMPETENCY : USE RELEVANT TECHNOLOGIES
UNIT CODE : 500311114

This unit of competency covers the knowledge, skills, and attitude required in selecting, sourcing and applying appropriate and affordable technologies in the workplace.

  1. Study/select appropriate technology
    • Usage of different technologies is determined based on job requirements
    • Appropriate technology is selected as per work specification
  2. Apply relevant technology
    • Relevant technology is effectively used in carrying out function
    • Applicable software and hardware are used as per task requirement
    • Management concepts are observed and practiced as per established industry practices
  3. Maintain/enhance relevant technology
    • Maintenance of technology is applied in accordance with the industry standard operating procedure, manufacturer’s operating guidelines and occupational health and safety procedure to ensure its operative ability
    • Updating of technology is maintained through continuing education or training in accordance with job requirement
    • Technology failure/ defect is immediately reported to the concern/responsible person or section for appropriate action

DEFINITION OF TERMS

  • Figure – details refers to full or partial body drawings.
  • Hands-on – a form of experiential learning that offers students the total environment in which they are expected to learn the content. It involves directly observing and practicing the ins and outs of a particular industry in “real time”.
  • Lecture/Demonstration – a teaching procedure that consists of conveying content of the course to the student through discourse, including explanation and clarification of major ideas. It also involves the teacher performing various procedures that the students shall observe.
  • Modiste supplies – refers to materials used for pattern-making and sewing.
  • Simulation – a form of experiential learning in which the students participate in class activities that will require them to assume roles under a particular scenario. Simulation activities include, but not limited to, games, acting out (role-playing), and mock demonstrations. These activities are part of the hands-on methodology.
  • Study Tour – attaining specific learning goals through on-site experience. These learning goals are explicitly stated in the course syllabus.
  • Sustainable Fashion – also called eco fashion, is a part of the growing design philosophy and trend of sustainability, the goal of which is to create a system which can be supported indefinitely in terms of environmentalism and social responsibility.
  • Trimmings – refers to accessories and items such as lace, ric-rac, soutache and ribbons.
  • Soutache – a narrow flat ornamental decorative braid used in the trimming of drapery or clothing.
  • Ric-rac – is a flat narrow braid woven in zigzag form used as trimming in clothing.
  • Mood board – is a collation of images, texts & samples wherein the design inspiration is derived.
  • Prototype – is a preliminary model or an early sample to test a design.
  • Swatch – is a sample strip cut from a piece of material.
  • Dress – form is a tool to view the 3-dimensional parts of a garment being sewn.
  • Ham/Sleeve board – are tools used for pressing garment parts such as sleeves bust area, collars and dart areas.
  • Specification Sheet – refers to a data containing the final instruction regarding sizes, stitches, etc.

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