LIGHTING FOR LIVE PERFORMANCES NC II – TESDA COURSE MODULE

TESDA TRAINING REGULATIONS FOR LIGHTING FOR LIVE PERFORMANCES NC II

The LIGHTING FOR LIVE PERFORMANCES NC II qualification consists of
competencies that a person must achieve to prepare, set up, operate and dismount lighting
equipment.

This Qualification is packaged from the competency map of the Creative Sector

A student who has achieved this Course in LIGHTING FOR LIVE PERFORMANCES NC II is competent to be:

  • Lighting Technician
  • Lighting Operator
  • Lights Crew
  • Lighting Electrician

LIGHTING FOR LIVE PERFORMANCES NC II – TRAINING AND REGULATION MODULE

Course Title: LIGHTING FOR LIVE PERFORMANCES
Level: NC II
Nominal Training Duration :

37 Hours (Basic Competency)
88 Hours (Common Competency)
70 Hours (Core Competency)
80 Hours – Supervised Industry Learning (SIL)

TOTAL DURATION = 275 HOURS

This course is designed to provide the learner with knowledge, practical skills and attitude, applicable in performing work  activities involve in preparing, setting-up, operating and dismounting lighting equipment.

This includes classroom learning activities and practical work in actual work site or simulation area.

TRAINEE ENTRY REQUIREMENTS

Trainees or students wishing to gain entry into this program in LIGHTING FOR LIVE PERFORMANCES NC II must possess the following requirements:

  • Must possess good communication skills
  • Must be computer literate.

COMPETENCIES REQUIRED IN LIGHTING FOR LIVE PERFORMANCES NC II

This units of competency comprising this qualification include Basic, Common, Elective and Core Competencies. To obtain this course, all units prescribed for this qualification must be achieved.

These units of competency comprising this qualification include the following:

UNIT CODE CORE COMPETENCIES (70 Hours)
CRE343301 Prepare lighting equipment, tools and supplies
CRE343302 Set-up lighting equipment according to the lighting plan
CRE343303 Operate and monitor the lighting system
CRE343304 Dismount, maintain and store lighting equipment
UNIT CODE COMMON COMPETENCIES (88 Hours)
CRE265201 Develop and update industry knowledge
CRE265202 Develop creative thinking, artistic skills and cultural awareness
CRE265203 Observe procedures, specifications and manuals of instructions
CRE265204 Operate equipment
CRE265205 Manage own performance
CRE265206 Maintain safe, clean and efficient work environment
CRE265207 Provide and maintain effective client relations
UNIT CODE BASIC COMPETENCIES (37 Hours)
400311210 Participate in workplace communication
400311211 Work in team environment
400311212 Solve/address general workplace problems
400311213 Develop career and life decisions
400311214 Contribute to workplace innovation
400311215 Present relevant information
400311216 Practice occupational safety and health policies and procedures
400311217 Exercise efficient and effective sustainable practices in the workplace
400311218 Practice entrepreneurial skills in the workplace

CORE COMPETENCIES

This section gives the details and contents of the units of competency required in LIGHTING FOR LIVE PERFORMANCES NC II. These units of competency are categorized into basic, common and core competencies.

UNIT OF COMPETENCY: PREPARE LIGHTING EQUIPMENT, TOOLS AND SUPPLIES
UNIT CODE : CRE343301

This unit covers the knowledge, skills and attitudes required on identifying, requesting and receiving lighting equipment, supplies and tools, based on the required performance standards.

  1. Identify lighting equipment, tools and supplies
    • Lighting equipment, tools and supplies are identified and listed in accordance with project requirement
    • Lighting equipment and supplies, its quantity and description must be in accordance with the project requirement
    • Lighting equipment, tools and supplies are identified in accordance with the checklist prepared.
  2. Request lighting equipment, tools and supplies
    • Lighting equipment, tools and supplies needed are requested using requisition form
    • Checklist are reviewed and approved by a supervisor
    • Request is done as per standard operating procedures (SOPs)
  3. Receive and inspect lighting equipment, tools and supplies
    • Lighting Equipment, tools and supplies issued are received and inspected in accordance with quantity and specification of the project requirement
    • Lighting Equipment, tools and supplies are tested and should be in good working condition based on manufacturer’s specification.
    • Lighting Equipment, tools and supplies are secured to a specified location in accordance to safety practices.

UNIT OF COMPETENCY: SET-UP LIGHTING EQUIPMENT ACCORDING TO THE LIGHTING PLAN
UNIT CODE : CRE265202

This unit covers the knowledge, skills and attitudes required in setting up lighting equipment for live performances.

  1. Plan and prepare for work
    • Instructions for the preparation of the work activity are communicated and confirmed with the supervisor
    • Supplies, tools and lighting equipment are prepared in accordance with the required lighting plan
    • Safety procedures are observed according to the workplace standards
  2. Set up lighting equipment
    • Lighting is set up in accordance with the technical plan and allotted schedule
    • Lighting fixtures and equipment are installed and secured in accordance to safety practices
    • Focusing of lights is done in accordance with the plan, focus notes and allotted schedule
    • Safety procedures are followed in accordance to industry standards
    • Work area is clean and secured in accordance to industry standards

UNIT OF COMPETENCY: OPERATE AND MONITOR THE LIGHTING SYSTEM
UNIT CODE : CRE343303

This unit covers the Knowledge, Skills and Attitudes in operating lighting equipment during performance and troubleshoot.

  1. Operate floodlights
    • Specified lighting effects are followed in accordance with the lighting design plan
    • Lighting cues are executed in accordance with the lights cue book and/or instructions of supervisor/s
    • Work area is arranged in accordance to safety practices
  2. Operate spotlights
    • Specified lighting effects are followed in accordance with the lighting design plan
    • Lighting cues are executed in accordance with the lights cue book
    • Angles and movement of light beam are in accordance with the lighting concept
    • Work area is arranged in accordance to safety practices
  3. Operate control/dimmer board
    • Specified lighting effects are followed in accordance with the lighting design plan
    • Lighting cues are executed in accordance with the lights cue book
    • Work area is arranged in accordance to safety practices
  4. Troubleshoot lighting fixture problems
    • Lighting fixture problems are repaired in accordance with the troubleshooting procedures
    • Troubleshooting is done without incurring damage/harm to self, others and equipment in accordance to safety practices
    • Trouble shooting procedures are recorded and reported to the supervisor/s
    • Work area is arranged in accordance to safety practices

UNIT OF COMPETENCY: DISMOUNT, MAINTAIN AND STORE LIGHTING EQUIPMENT
UNIT CODE : CRE343304

This unit covers the knowledge, skills and attitudes in dismounting, maintaining and storing lighting equipment, tools and supplies.

  1. Dismount and store lighting equipment
    • Lighting equipment is removed in accordance with the company and venue procedures, allotted time and proper tools
    • Lighting equipment setup is removed without incurring damage/harm to self, others and equipment in accordance with safety practices
    • Lighting equipment are carefully returned and secured in their respective cases and storage in accordance with industry practice.
  2. Conduct inventory of lighting equipment
    • Lighting equipment and fixtures are inspected for damages, replacement and/or repair in accordance with industry practice
    • Supplies, tools and lighting equipment/fixtures are accounted and are stored in accordance with the company’s procedures
    • Inventory is accomplished and forwarded to the supervisor in accordance with industry practice
  3. Notify completion of work
    • Final checks are made to ensure that tools and lighting equipment are returned to storage in accordance with company requirements
    • Work completion is reported to supervisor in accordance with company requirements
    • Work area is arranged in accordance to safety practices

COMMON COMPETENCIES

UNIT OF COMPETENCY : DEVELOP AND UPDATE INDUSTRY KNOWLEDGE
UNIT CODE : CRE265201

This unit of competency deals with the knowledge, skills required to access, increase and update industry knowledge.

  1. Seek and apply information on the industry
    • Sources of information on the industry are correctly identified and accessed
    • Information to assist effective work performance is obtained in line with job requirements
    • Specific information on sector of work is accessed and updated
    • Industry information is correctly applied to day-to-day work activities
  2. Update industry knowledge
    • Informal and/or formal research is used to update general knowledge of the industry
    • Updated knowledge is shared with customers and colleagues as appropriate and incorporated into day-today working activities

UNIT OF COMPETENCY : DEVELOP CREATIVE THINKING, ARTISTIC SKILLS AND CULTURAL AWARENESS
UNIT CODE : CRE265202

This unit covers the knowledge, skills and attitudes required to exhibit professional practice covering the development of conceptual, creative and artistic capabilities and the broadening of cultural awareness.

  1. Acquire and develop creative thinking
    • Concepts and ideas are identified and explored to ensure the development of the creative process
    • Sources of creative thinking are explored and scanned from the environment
    • Relevant printed reading materials and other media are used to stimulate creative ideation
    • Feedback, interaction, discussion and evaluation opportunities to continuously improve creative thinking are used.
  2. Develop artistic skills
    • Strategies, methods and approaches are identified and explored in developing the artistic work.
    • Artistic work is reviewed, evaluated and finalized based on applicable and accepted standards of the field
    • Relevant printed reading materials and other media are used to stimulate artistic and professional development Capabilities of materials, tools and equipment are explored to enable artistic outputs.
    • Feedback, critique, discussion and evaluation mechanisms are continuously applied to improve artistic skills.
    • Work experiences and ideas are discussed to improve own practice.
    • Other artistic works are studied to stimulate the development of conceptual and artistic skills.
  3. Broaden exposure to culture and arts
    • Studies on arts and culture are generated based on required learning objectives.
    • Cultural immersion opportunities that may be helpful in developing career opportunities are experienced.
    • Insights and experiences on arts and culture are shared, discussed and reflected upon.

UNIT OF COMPETENCY : OBSERVE PROCEDURES, SPECIFICATIONS AND MANUALS OF INSTRUCTIONS
UNIT CODE : CRE265203

This unit covers the knowledge, skills and attitudes on identifying, interpreting, applying services to specifications and manuals and storing manuals.

  1. Identify and access specification/manuals
    • Manuals are identified and accessed as per job requirements
    • Version and date of manual are checked to ensure that correct specification and procedures are identified
  2. Interpret manuals
    • Relevant sections, chapters of specifications/manuals are located in relation to the work to be conducted
    • Information and procedure in the manual are interpreted in accordance with industry practices
  3. Apply information from manual
    • Manual is interpreted according to job requirements
    • Work steps are correctly identified in accordance with manufacturer’s specification
    • Data from the manual are applied according to the given task
    • All sequencing and adjustments are interpreted in accordance with information contained on the manual or specifications
  4. Store manuals
    • Manual or specification is stored to prevent damage and be readily accessible
    • Information is updated when required in accordance with company requirements

UNIT OF COMPETENCY : OPERATE EQUIPMENT
UNIT CODE : CRE265204

This unit covers the knowledge, skills and attitudes and values needed to operate related equipment in connection to film/television/theatre/live performances.

  1. Plan and prepare for task to be undertaken
    • Requirements of task are determined
    • Equipment is selected according to task assigned and required outcome
    • Task is planned to ensure Occupational Safety and Health Standards (OSHS) practices
  2. Use equipment
    • Equipment is checked in accordance with manufacturer’s specification
    • Test result of desired creative output is performed in accordance with aesthetic vision or job requirements
    • Work is performed according to OSHS practices
  3. Maintain equipment
    • Systems for cleaning, minor maintenance and replacement of consumables are implemented
    • Equipment is checked for damages and reported to authorized personnel for repair
    • Equipment is stored in accordance with manufacturer’s specifications and standard procedures

UNIT OF COMPETENCY : MANAGE OWN PERFORMANCE
UNIT CODE : CRE265205

This unit of competency covers the knowledge, skills and attitudes in effectively managing own workload, resources and quality work.

  1. Plan for completion of own workload
    • Tasks are identified according to job requirements.
    • Work plans and schedules are designed and organized based on timelines/deadlines.
    • Team coordination is applied when required in completion of workload
    • Resource management is developed based on job requirements and/or budget allocation.
  2. Maintain quality of performance
    • Personal performance is monitored according to performance standards.
    • Advice and guidance is obtained when necessary to achieve or maintain agreed standards.
    • Guidance from management when necessary is applied to achieve or maintain agreed standards.
  3. Evaluate and assess own work
    • Actual work output is evaluated and assessed in relation to work plan
    • Work expenses are assessed in relation to financial plan/budget
    • Feedback is obtained from clients/audiences/critics/similar persons

UNIT OF COMPETENCY : MAINTAIN SAFE, CLEAN AND EFFICIENT WORK ENVIRONMENT
UNIT CODE : CRE265206

This unit of competency covers the knowledge, skills and attitudes needed to maintain clean, safe and efficient working environment. The unit incorporates the work safety guidelines.

  1. Comply with safety and health regulations
    • Safety and health regulations are identified and complied with.
    • Policies and procedures are adapted and applied.
  2. Assess work area
    • Work areas and walkways are maintained in a safe and hazard free environment.
    • All routines are carried out in accordance with Occupational Safety and Health Standards (OSHS)
    • Waste is stored and disposed of according to OSHS
  3. Check and maintain tools, equipment and resources
    • Tools, equipment and resources are stored according to safety regulations
    • Tools, equipment and resources are checked for maintenance requirements
    • Tools and equipment are referred for repair as required

UNIT OF COMPETENCY : PROVIDE AND MAINTAIN EFFECTIVE CLIENT RELATIONS
UNIT CODE : CRE265207

This unit of competency deals with the knowledge, skills and attitudes in providing effective client service. It includes personal presentation, addressing client’s needs and strengthening client’s relations.

  1. Maintain a professional image
    • Personal presence is maintained according to employer standards or venue requirements
    • Interpersonal skills are used to ensure that customer needs are accurately identified
    • Presentation skills are used to communicate the relevant concepts, values and processes in the delivery of expected outputs
    • Equipment and other resources are stored according to assignment requirements.
  2. Identify and address client requirements
    • Client requirements are identified and addressed according to job assignments
    • Changes in client’s needs and requirements are monitored and addressed professionally.
    • Feedback mechanisms are used to address client requirements.
  3. Strengthen relations with clients
    • Client expectations on quality, efficiency, punctuality and appearance are met.
    • Possible causes of client/customer dissatisfaction are identified, addressed and recorded according to employer policy
    • Clients are fully informed of any relevant concerns in a timely manner and according to agreed reporting procedures

BASIC COMPETENCIES

The BASIC COMPETENCIES refer to non-technical skills (knowledge, skills and attitudes) that everybody will need in order to perform satisfactorily at work and in society and are considered portable and transferable irrespective of jobs and industrial settings.

UNIT OF COMPETENCY: PARTICIPATE IN WORKPLACE COMMUNICATION
UNIT CODE: 400311210

This unit covers the knowledge, skills and attitudes required to gather, interpret and convey information in response to workplace requirements.

  1. Obtain and convey workplace information
    • Specific and relevant information is accessed from appropriate sources.
    • Effective questioning, active listening and speaking skills are used to gather and convey information.
    • Appropriate medium is used to transfer information and ideas.
    • Appropriate non- verbal communication is used.
    • Appropriate lines of communication with supervisors and colleagues are identified and followed.
    • Defined workplace procedures for the location and storage of information are used.
    • Personal interaction is carried out clearly and concisely.
  2. Perform duties following workplace instructions
    • Written notices and instructions are read and interpreted in accordance with organizational guidelines.
    • Routine written instruction are followed based on established procedures.
    • Feedback is given to workplace supervisor based instructions/ information received.
    • Workplace interactions are conducted in a courteous manner.
    • Where necessary, clarifications about routine workplace procedures and matters concerning conditions of employment are sought and asked from appropriate sources.
    • Meetings outcomes are interpreted and implemented.
  3. Complete relevant work-related documents
    • Range of forms relating to conditions of employment are completed accurately and legibly.
    • Workplace data is recorded on standard workplace forms and documents.
    • Errors in recording information on forms/ documents are identified and acted upon.
    • Reporting requirements to supervisor are completed according to organizational guidelines.

UNIT OF COMPETENCY: WORK IN TEAM ENVIRONMENT
UNIT CODE: 400311211

This unit covers the skills, knowledge and attitudes to identify one’s roles and responsibilities as a member of a team.

  1. Describe team role and scope
    • The role and objective of the team is identified from available sources of information.
    • Team parameters, reporting relationships and responsibilities are identified from team discussions and appropriate  external sources.
  2. Identify one’s role and responsibility within a team
    • Individual roles and responsibilities within the team environment are identified.
    • Roles and objectives of the team is identified from available sources of information.
    • Team parameters, reporting relationships and responsibilities are identified based on team discussions and  appropriate external sources.
  3. Work as a team member
    • Effective and appropriate forms of communications are used and interactions undertaken with team members based on company practices.
    • Effective and appropriate contributions made to complement team activities and objectives, based on workplace context.
    • Protocols in reporting are observed based on standard company practices.
    • Contribute to the development of team work plans based on an understanding of team’s role and objectives.

UNIT OF COMPETENCY: SOLVE/ADDRESS GENERAL WORKPLACE PROBLEMS
UNIT CODE: 400311212

This unit covers the knowledge, skills and attitudes required to apply problem-solving techniques to determine the origin of problems and plan for their resolution. It also includes addressing procedural problems through documentation, and referral.

  1. Identify routine problems
    • Routine problems or procedural problem areas are identified.
    • Problems to be investigated are defined and determined.
    • Current conditions of the problem are identified and documented.
  2. Look for solutions to routine problems
    • Potential solutions to problem are identified.
    • Recommendations about possible solutions are developed, documented, ranked and presented to  appropriate person for decision.
  3. Recommend solutions to problems
    • Implementation of solutions are planned.
    • Evaluation of implemented solutions are planned.
    • Recommended solutions are documented and submit to appropriate person for confirmation.

UNIT OF COMPETENCY: DEVELOP CAREER AND LIFE DECISIONS
UNIT CODE: 400311213

This unit covers the knowledge, skills, and attitudes in managing one’s emotions, developing reflective practice, and boosting self-confidence and developing self-regulation.

  1. Manage one’s emotion
    • Self-management strategies are identified.
    • Skills to work independently and to show initiative, to be conscientious, and persevering in the face of setbacks and frustrations are developed.
    • Techniques for effectively handling negative emotions and unpleasant situation in the workplace are examined.
  2. Develop reflective practice
    • Personal strengths and achievements, based on self-assessment strategies and teacher feedback are contemplated.
    • Progress when seeking and responding to feedback from teachers to assist them in consolidating strengths, addressing weaknesses and fulfilling their potential are monitored.
    • Outcomes of personal and academic challenges by reflecting on previous problem solving and decision making strategies and feedback from peers and teachers are predicted.
  3. Boost self-confidence and develop self-regulation
    • Efforts for continuous self-improvement are demonstrated.
    • Counter-productive tendencies at work are eliminated.
    • Positive outlook in life are maintained.

UNIT OF COMPETENCY: CONTRIBUTE TO WORKPLACE INNOVATION
UNIT CODE: 400311214

This unit covers the knowledge, skills and attitudes required to make a pro-active and positive contribution to workplace innovation.

  1. Identify opportunities to do things better
    • Opportunities for improvement are identified proactively in own area of work.
    • Information are gathered and reviewed which may be relevant to ideas and which might assist in gaining support for idea.
  2. Discuss and develop ideas with others
    • People who could provide input to ideas for improvements are identified.
    • Ways of approaching people to begin sharing ideas are selected.
    • Meeting is set with relevant people.
    • Ideas for follow up are review and selected based on feedback.
    • Critical inquiry method is used to discuss and develop ideas with others.
  3. Integrate ideas for change in the workplace
    • Critical inquiry method is used to integrate different ideas for change of key people.
    • Summarizing, analyzing and generalizing skills are used to extract salient points in the pool of ideas.
    • Reporting skills are likewise used to communicate results.
    • Current Issues and concerns on the systems, processes and procedures, as well as the need for simple innovative practices are identified.

UNIT OF COMPETENCY: PRESENT RELEVANT INFORMATION
UNIT CODE: 400311215

This unit of covers the knowledge, skills and attitudes required to present data/information appropriately.

  1. Gather data/information
    • Evidence, facts and information are collected.
    • Evaluation, terms of reference and conditions are reviewed to determine whether data/information falls within project scope.
  2. Assess gathered data/information
    • Validity of data/information is assessed.
    • Analysis techniques are applied to assess data/ information.
    • Trends and anomalies are identified.
    • Data analysis techniques and procedures are documented.
    • Recommendations are made on areas of possible improvement.
  3. Record and present information
    • Studied data/ information are recorded.
    • Recommendations are analysed for action to ensure they are compatible with the project’s scope and terms of reference.
    • Interim and final reports are analysed and outcomes are compared to the criteria established at the outset.
    • Findings are presented to stakeholders.

UNIT OF COMPETENCY: PRACTICE OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH POLICIES AND PROCEDURES
UNIT CODE: 400311216

This unit covers the knowledge, skills and attitudes required to identify OSH compliance requirements, prepare OSH requirements for compliance, perform tasks in accordance with relevant OSH policies and procedures.

  1. Identify OSH compliance requirements
    • Relevant OSH requirements, regulations, policies and procedures are identified in accordance with workplace policies and procedures.
    • OSH activity non-conformities are conveyed to appropriate personnel.
    • OSH preventive and control requirements are identified in accordance with OSH work policies and procedures.
  2. Prepare OSH requirements for compliance
    • OSH work activity material, tools and equipment requirements are identified in accordance with workplace policies and procedures.
    • Required OSH materials, tools and equipment are acquired in accordance with workplace policies and procedures.
    • Required OSH materials, tools and equipment are arranged/ placed in accordance with OSH work standards.
  3. Perform tasks in accordance with relevant OSH policies and procedures
    • Relevant OSH work procedures are identified in accordance with workplace policies and procedures.
    • Work Activities are executed in accordance with OSH work standards.
    • Non-compliance work activities are reported to appropriate personnel.

UNIT OF COMPETENCY: EXERCISE EFFICIENT AND EFFECTIVE SUSTAINABLE PRACTICES IN THE WORKPLACE
UNIT CODE: 400311217

This unit covers knowledge, skills and attitude to identify the efficiency and effectiveness of resource utilization, determine causes of inefficiency and/or ineffectiveness of resource utilization and Convey inefficient and ineffective environmental practices.

  1. Identify the efficiency and effectiveness of resource utilization
    • Required resource utilization in the workplace is measured using appropriate techniques.
    • Data are recorded in accordance with workplace protocol.
    • Recorded data are compared to determine the efficiency and effectiveness of resource utilization according to established environmental work procedures.
  2. Determine causes of inefficiency and/or ineffectiveness of resource utilization
    • Potential causes of inefficiency and/or ineffectiveness are listed.
    • Causes of inefficiency and/or ineffectiveness are identified through deductive reasoning.
    • Identified causes of inefficiency and/or ineffectiveness are validated thru established
  3. Convey inefficient and ineffective environmental practices
    • Efficiency and effectiveness of resource utilization are reported to appropriate personnel.
    • Concerns related resource utilization are discussed with appropriate personnel.
    • Feedback on information/ concerns raised are clarified with appropriate personnel.

UNIT OF COMPETENCY: PRACTICE ENTREPRENEURIAL SKILLS IN THE WORKPLACE
UNIT CODE: 400311218

This unit covers the outcomes required to apply entrepreneurial workplace best practices and implement cost-effective operations.

  1. Apply entrepreneurial workplace best practices
    • Good practices relating to workplace operations are observed and selected following workplace policy.
    • Quality procedures and practices are complied with according to workplace requirements.
    • Cost-conscious habits in resource utilization are applied based on industry standards.
  2. Communicate entrepreneurial workplace best practices
    • Observed good practices relating to workplace operations are communicated to appropriate person.
    • Observed quality procedures and practices are communicated to appropriate person.
    • Cost-conscious habits in resource utilization are communicated based on industry standards.
  3. Implement cost-effective operations
    • Preservation and optimization of workplace resources is implemented in accordance with enterprise policy.
    • Judicious use of workplace tools, equipment and materials are observed according to manual and work requirements.
    • Constructive contributions to office operations are made according to enterprise requirements.
    • Ability to work within one’s allotted time and finances is sustained.

GLOSSARY OF TERMS

  • Areas – Sub-divisions of the total acting area into the sections over which independent selective control of light is required
  • Backlight – Light coming from behind actors or pieces of scenery to separate them from their background
  • Barn Doors – A four-shutter rotatable device used on Fresnel’s to shape the light and reduce scattered light
  • Beam Angle – A term used in photometrics that describes where the light output falls to 50% of the center output
  • Booth (Control Booth) – The room in the back of the theatre which contains the lighting board and sound system. Control of both sound and light during a show is done from this room.
  • CAD – Computer Aided Design. In lighting design CAD is used by a Lighting Designer to create their plot
  • C-clamp – Part of a lighting instrument that allows the instrument to be hung from the grid
  • Channel – A complete control path from the lighting board, through the processing system, to the dimmer rack
  • Cools – A category of gel colors, often used to light an actor‘s face. Cool colors are violets, blues, cyans, and greens
  • Computer literate – Is defined as the knowledge and ability to utilize computers and related technology efficiently, with a range of skills covering levels from elementary use to computer programming and advanced problem solving.
  • Cue – The signal that indicates a change of any kind.‖ 31 In the case of lighting cues contain information on how the light from the lighting instruments should change
  • Cue Number – The number assigned to a particular cue
  • Cue Sheet – A plot which details timing and actions against each cue number. 32
  • Cue Stack – A numerical listing of cues from lowest number to highest number
  • Dead Hang – Refers to hanging a lighting instrument straight down from the grid. It may or may not be connected to a plug
  • Diagonal Cutters – A tool used for cutting zip-ties
  • Dimmer – A device which controls the amount of electricity passed to a light and therefore the intensity of that light‘s brightness
  • Dimmer Card – In the Little Theatre, a piece of equipment composed of two dimmers in the dimmer rack
  • Dimmer Rack – An assembly of individual electronic dimmers mounted in a Cabinet
  • Down light – A light focused vertically down
  • Dry Ice – Solid carbon dioxide which sublimates below room temperature to create low lying fog effects
  • Electricians – A Master Electrician‘s lighting crew
  • Ellipsoidal – A type of lighting instrument that provides a sharp defined area of light
  • Field Angle – A term used in photometrics that describes the distance in degrees to where the beam of light is 10% of the intensity of the light at the center of the beam.
  • Fresnel – A type of lighting instrument used to provide general wash light
  • Fog – A liquid that when used in a fog machine creates a type of smoke that is dence
  • Gel – A color polymer that is placed in front of a light to change the color of the light
  • Gel Frame – A metal rectangular frame used to hold a gel
  • Gobos – A pattern for lights used to project images onto a flat surface
  • Gobo Holders – A metal frame designed to hold a gobo
  • Haze – Thin fog that lingers in the air evenly for light to bounce off of and creates visible light beams
  • Houselights – Lights that illuminate the theatre so the audience can get to their seats. Often will set the mood or tone for a show
  • Iris – An adjustable circular shutter for an ellipsoidal
  • Lighting Board – The piece of equipment which contains all the tools needed to control the lights in the theatre
  • Lighting Designer – The person in a production who creates the lighting design
  • LT Squad Lighting – The Little Theatre Squad member who manages lighting equipment in the Little Theatre
  • Master Electrician – The person in a production who takes the Lighting Designer‘s design and directs the hanging, gelling, focusing, and cabling of instruments needed
  • Output Level – A term used in photometrics that refers to how bright a beam of light is. Photometrics – A method for describing the output of an instrument
  • Plug Box – A box hung in the grid where the cable from a light is plugged into
  • Safeties – A cable that is attached to a lighting instrument and the grid to prevent a light from falling
  • Stage Pin – The type of power cable used in fresnels and ellipsoidals
  • Submaster – A group of channels recorded at proportional levels and controlled by a slider and a bump button
  • Warms – A category of gel colors, often used to light an actor‘s face. Warm colors are purples, magentas, reds, oranges, ambers and yellows
  • Wash – Light focused to cover a wide area.35
  • 5-pin XLR cable – A type of cable that has five pins, often called DMX cable
  • 3-pin XLR cable – A type of cable that has three pins
  • Yoke – The main support for a light. It connects the light to the c-clamp

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