HEAVY-EQUIPMENT OPERATION (CRAWLER CRANE) NC II COURSE

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TESDA TRAINING REGULATIONS FOR HEAVY-EQUIPMENT OPERATION (CRAWLER CRANE) NC II COURSE

The TESDA Course in HEAVY-EQUIPMENT OPERATION (CRAWLER CRANE) NC II consists of competencies that workers must achieve to enable them to perform tasks such lifting and transferring of heavy loads in construction sites or other locations.

This qualification is packaged from the competency map of the Construction – Heavy Equipment sub-sector.

A student who has achieved this TESDA Course in HEAVY-EQUIPMENT OPERATION (CRAWLER CRANE) NC II is competent to be:

  • Crawler-crane operator

TRAINEE ENTRY REQUIREMENTS

This section specifies the qualifications of trainees and educational experience. Other requirements like health and physical requirements are also stated. Passing entry written examinations may also be indicated if necessary.

  • Can communicate both oral and written
  • Physically and mentally fit
  • With good moral character
  • Can perform basic mathematical computation.

HEAVY-EQUIPMENT OPERATION (CRAWLER CRANE) NC II COURSE MODULE

Course Title: HEAVY-EQUIPMENT OPERATION (CRAWLER CRANE)
Level: NC II
Nominal Training Duration :

(Basic Competency) 18 Hours
(Common Competency) 18 Hours
(Core Competency) 120 Hours

Total Duration: 156 Hours

This course is designed to equip individual with the basic, common and core competencies in Construction Sector particularly in Heavy Equipment Operation.

COMPETENCIES REQUIRED IN HEAVY-EQUIPMENT OPERATION (CRAWLER CRANE) NC II

To obtain this TESDA course in HEAVY-EQUIPMENT OPERATION (CRAWLER CRANE) NC II, all units prescribed for this qualification must be achieved.

These units of competency comprising this qualification include the following:

UNIT CODE CORE COMPETENCIES (120 Hours)
CON833309 Perform pre- and post-operation procedures for lifting equipment
CON833310 Perform basic preventive maintenance servicing for lifting equipment
CON833313 Perform productive operation for crawler crane
UNIT CODE COMMON COMPETENCIES (18 Hours)
CON931201 Prepare construction materials and tools
CON311201 Observe procedures, specifications and manuals of instruction
CON311202 Interpret technical drawings and plans
CON311203 Perform mensurations and calculations
CON311204 Maintain tools and equipment
UNIT CODE BASIC COMPETENCIES (18 Hours)
500311105 Participate in workplace communication
500311106 Work in a team environment
500311107 Practice career professionalism
500311108 Practice occupational health and safety procedures

This section gives the details and contents of the units of competency required in HEAVY-EQUIPMENT OPERATION (CRAWLER CRANE) NC II. These units of competency are categorized into basic, common and core competencies.

CORE COMPETENCIES

This section gives the details of the contents of the core units of competency required in HEAVY-EQUIPMENT OPERATION (CRAWLER CRANE) NC II.

UNIT OF COMPETENCY: PERFORM PRE- AND POST-OPERATION PROCEDURES FOR LIFTING EQUIPMENT
UNIT CODE: CON833309

This unit involves knowledge, skills and attitudes in performing procedures before and after productive operation of lifting equipment.

  1. Perform visual check of equipment
    • Lifting equipment is selected based on job requirements.
    • Operator-serviceable (OS) parts are checked in accordance with equipment checklist and manufacturer’s procedures.
    • Walk-around check is performed with equipment checklist and with engine stopped/not running.
  2. Perform “B L O W A F” check
    • BLOWAF check for container stacker is performed following checklist form and with engine stopped / not running.
    • Fluid levels in container stacker are maintained in accordance with equipment maintenance manual.
    • Abnormal conditions in container stacker are noted and reported to authorized person.
  3. Perform operation check
    • Starting/running check is performed with checklist and in accordance with manufacturer’s recommendations.
    • Brake, steering and controls are checked for normal functioning as per manufacturer’s specifications.
    • Walk-around check is performed with equipment checklist and while engine is running.
    • Safety devices are checked for proper functions in accordance with safe operating procedures.
  4. Perform post-operation procedures
    • Equipment is parked and turned off after productive operation in accordance with company rules and regulations.
    • Equipment controls are set into neutral position and parking brakes are engaged according to manufacturer’s operations manual.
    • Safety locks and brakes are all set/engaged in accordance with operator’s manual.
    • Walk-around inspection check is reconducted while doing engine cool down
    • Daily equipment time record/report (DETR) is accomplished/submitted according to company rules and regulations

UNIT OF COMPETENCY: PERFORM BASIC PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE SERVICING FOR LIFTING EQUIPMENT
UNIT CODE: CON833310

This unit involves the knowledge, skills and attitudes required in conducting routine basic preventive maintenance for lifting equipment.

  1. Perform adjustment/s replacements
    • Minor defects are identified and remedied in accordance with company/manufacturer’s procedures.
    • Tools are selected based on job requirements.
    • Major defects are identified using check list and referred to appropriate personnel for action.
  2. Perform basic preventive maintenance servicing (PMS)
    • OS parts/standards are identified and serviced according to manufacturer’s recommendations.
    •  Fluids and lubricants are used based on manufacturer’s manual.
    • Basic hand tools and equipment and consumable materials are identified and used in accordance with job requirements.
    • Basic preventive maintenance servicing (PMS) is carried out in accordance with manufacturer’s recommendations and/or site requirements/ conditions.
  3. Prepare equipment reports
    • Daily checklist form is accomplished in accordance with manufacturer’s/company requirements.
    • Minor/major equipment defects are reported to appropriate personnel.

UNIT OF COMPETENCY: PERFORM PRODUCTIVE OPERATION FOR CRAWLER CRANE
UNIT CODE: CON833313

This unit covers the knowledge, skills and attitudes in performing equipment standard operating procedures for a Crawler Crane.

  1. Load/unload crane to lowbed trailer
    • Appropriate and suitable low-bed trailer for transporting the Crane is considered according to job requirements.
    • Proper boom position is observed during loading/unloading in accordance with safe operating procedures.
    • Crane is loaded/unloaded in correct position using appropriate ramp.
    • Assistance from a signalman is required during loading/unloading of the crane.
    • Before and after loading, all safety locks and control levers are secured at neutral position.
    • Track pads are secured with stopper blocks.
    • Body frame is secured with appropriate binders.
    • Unexpected situations are responded in line with company rules and regulations in a manner that minimizes risk to personnel and equipment.
  2. Travel the crane
    • Work area is surveyed for safe accessibility or potential hazards in accordance with safe operating procedures.
    • Lattice base boom is secured in place during travel.
    • Aid of a signalman is required when necessary.
    • Traveling speed is observed in accordance with the site regulations.
    • Unexpected situations are responded to in line with company rules and regulations.
  3. Position the crane
    • Crane is positioned in accordance with safety procedures and requirements
  4. Read and interpret load chart
    • Weight of the load is determined according to proper information.
    • Lifting capacity is determined according to working radius and boom length.
    • Rigging gears are determined according to lifting plan.
    • Weight of any attachment such as main and auxiliary hook blocks, fly jib are considered as part of the load.
    • Lifting capacity in the load chart is followed according to manufacturer’s specifications and equipment conditions.
    • Doubt about the lifting capacity of the crane based on load chart reading is reported to immediate supervisor.
  5. Perform lifting and transferring of load
    • Optimum engine speed and allowable working radius during hoisting or swing operation are controlled based on standard operating procedures.
    • Communication with Rigger is established and maintained during lifting and transferring of loads.
    • Safe work procedures and practices are observed during lifting and transferring operation
    • Unexpected situations are responded to in line with company rules and regulations.

COMMON COMPETENCIES

UNIT OF COMPETENCY: PREPARE CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS AND TOOLS
UNIT CODE : CON931201

This unit covers the knowledge, skills and attitudes on identifying, requesting and receiving construction materials and tools based on the required performance standards.

  1. Identify materials and tools
    • Materials are listed as per job requirements
    • Quantity and description of materials conform with the job requirements
    • Tools and accessories are identified according to job requirements
  2. Requisition equipment, materials and tools
    • Materials and tools needed are requested according to the list prepared
    • Request is done as per company standard operating procedures (SOP)
    • Substitute materials and tools are provided without sacrificing cost and quality of work
  3. Receive and inspect materials
    • Materials and tools issued are inspected as per quantity and specification
    • Tools, accessories and materials are checked for damages according to enterprise procedures
    • Materials and tools are set aside to appropriate location nearest to the workplace

UNIT OF COMPETENCY: OBSERVE PROCEDURES, SPECIFICATIONS AND MANUALS OF INSTRUCTIONS
UNIT CODE : CON311201

This unit covers the knowledge, skills and attitudes on identifying, interpreting, applying services to specifications and manuals and storing manuals.

  1. Identify and access specification/manuals
    • Appropriate manuals are identified and accessed as per job requirements
    • Version and date of manual are checked to ensure that correct specification and procedures are identified
  2. Interpret manuals
    • Relevant sections, chapters of specifications/manuals are located in relation to the work to be conducted
    • Information and procedure in the manual are interpreted in accordance with industry practices
  3. Apply information in manual
    • Manual is interpreted according to job requirements
    • Work steps are correctly identified in accordance with manufacturer’s specification
    • Manual data are applied according to the given task
    • All correct sequencing and adjustments are interpreted in accordance with information contained on the manual or specifications
  4. Store manuals
    • Manual or specification is stored appropriately to prevent damage, ready access and updating of information when required in accordance with company requirements

UNIT OF COMPETENCY: INTERPRET TECHNICAL DRAWINGS AND PLANS
UNIT CODE : CON311202

This unit covers the knowledge, skills and attitudes in analyzing and interpreting symbols, data and work plan based on the required performance standards.

  1. Analyze signs, symbols and data
    • Technical plans are obtained according to job requirements
    • Signs, symbols and data are identified according to job specifications
    • Signs symbols and data are determined according to classification or as appropriate in drawing
  2. Interpret technical drawings and plans
    • Necessary tools, materials and equipment are identified according to the plan
    • Supplies and materials are listed according to specifications
    • Components, assemblies or objects are recognized as required
    • Dimensions are identified as appropriate to the plan
    • Specification details are matched with existing/available resources and in line with job requirements
    • Work plan is drawn following the specifications
  3. Apply freehand sketching
    • Where applicable, correct freehand sketching is produced in accordance with the job requirements

UNIT OF COMPETENCY: PERFORM MENSURATIONS AND CALCULATIONS
UNIT CODE : CON311203

This unit covers the knowledge, skills and attitudes on identifying and measuring objects based on the required performance standards.

  1. Select measuring instruments
    • Object or component to be measured is identified, classified and interpreted according to the appropriate regular geometric shape
    • Measuring tools are selected/identified as per object to be measured or job requirements
    • Correct specifications are obtained from relevant sources
    • Appropriate measuring instruments are selected according to job requirements
    • Alternative measuring tools are used without sacrificing cost and quality of work
  2. Carry out measurements and calculations
    • Accurate measurements are obtained according to job requirements
    • Alternative measuring tools are used without sacrificing cost and quality of work
    • Calculation needed to complete work tasks are performed using the four basic process of addition (+), subtraction (-), multiplication (x) and division (/) including but not limited to: trigonometric functions, algebraic computations
    • Calculations involving fractions, percentages and mixed numbers are used to complete workplace tasks
    • Numerical computation is self-checked and corrected for accuracy
    • Instruments are read to the limit of accuracy of the tool
    • Systems of measurement identified and converted according to job requirements/ISO
    • Workpieces are measured according to job requirements

UNIT OF COMPETENCY: MAINTAIN TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT
UNIT CODE : CON311204

This unit covers the knowledge, skills and attitudes on checking condition, performing preventive maintenance and storing of tools and equipment based on the required performance standards.

  1. Check condition of tools and equipment
    • Materials, tools and equipment are identified according to classification and job requirements
    • Non-functional tools and equipment are segregated and labeled according to classification
    • Safety of tools and equipment are observed in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions
    • Condition of PPE are checked in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions
  2. Perform basic preventive maintenance
    • Appropriate lubricants are identified according to types of equipment
    • Tools and equipment are lubricated according to preventive maintenance schedule or manufacturer’s specifications
    • Measuring instruments are checked and calibrated in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions
    • Tools are cleaned and lubricated according to standard procedures
    • Defective instruments, equipment and accessories are inspected and replaced according to manufacturer’s specifications
    • Tools are inspected, repaired and replaced after use
    • Work place is cleaned and kept in safe state in line with OHSA regulations
  3. Store tools and equipment
    • Inventory of tools, instruments and equipment are conducted and recorded as per company practices
    • Tools and equipment are stored safely in appropriate locations in accordance with manufacturer’s specifications or company procedures

BASIC COMPETENCIES

UNIT OF COMPETENCY : PARTICIPATE IN WORKPLACE COMMUNICATION
UNIT CODE : 500311105

This unit covers the knowledge, skills and attitudes required to gather, interpret and convey information in response to workplace requirements.

  1. Obtain and convey workplace information
    • Specific and relevant information is accessed from appropriate sources
    • Effective questioning, active listening and speaking skills are used together and convey information
    • Appropriate medium is used to transfer information and ideas
    • Appropriate non- verbal communication is used
    • Appropriate lines of communication with supervisors and colleagues are identified and followed
    • Defined workplace procedures for the location and storage of information are used
    • Personal interaction is carried out clearly and concisely
  2. Participate in workplace meetings and discussions
    • Team meetings are at ended on time
    • Own opinions are clear expressed and those of others are listened to without interruption
    • Meeting inputs are consistent with the meeting purpose and established protocols
    • Workplace interactions are conducted in a courteous manner
    • Questions about simple routine workplace procedures and matters concerning working conditions of employment are asked and responded to.
    • Meetings outcomes are interpreted and implemented
  3. Complete relevant work related documents
    • Range of forms relating to conditions of employment are completed accurately and legibly
    • Workplace data is recorded on standard workplace forms and documents
    • Basic mathematical processes are used for routine calculations
    • Errors in recording information on forms/documents are identified and properly acted upon
    • Reporting requirements to supervisor are completed according to organizational guidelines

UNIT OF COMPETENCY : WORK IN TEAM ENVIRONMENT
UNIT CODE : 500311106

This unit covers the skills, knowledge and attitudes to identify role and responsibility as a member of a team.

  1. Describe team role and scope
    • The role and objective of the team is identified from available sources of information
    • Team parameters, reporting relationships and responsibilities are identified from team discussions and appropriate external sources.
  2. Identify own role and responsibility within team
    • Individual role and responsibilities within the team environment are identified.
    • Roles and responsibility of other team members are identified and recognized.
    • Reporting relationships within team and external to team are identified.
  3. Work as a team member
    • Effective and appropriate forms of communications used and interactions undertaken with team members who contribute to known team activities and objectives.
    • Effective and appropriate contributions made to complement team activities and objectives, based on individual skills and competencies and workplace context.
    • Observed protocols in reporting using standard operating procedures.
    • Contribute to the development of team work plans based on an understanding of team’s role and objectives and individual competencies of the members.

UNIT OF COMPETENCY : PRACTICE CAREER PROFESSIONALISM
UNIT CODE : 500311107

This unit covers the knowledge, skills and attitudes in promoting career growth and advancement.

  1. Integrate personal objectives with organizational goals
    • Personal growth and work plans are pursued towards improving the qualifications set for the profession
    • Intra- and interpersonal relationships is are maintained in the course of managing oneself based on performance evaluation
    • Commitment to the organization and its goal is demonstrated in the performance of duties
  2. Set and meet work priorities
    • Competing demands are prioritized to achieve personal, team and organizational goals and objectives.
    • Resources are utilized efficiently and effectively to manage work priorities and commitments
    • Practices along economic use and maintenance of equipment and facilities are followed as per established procedures
  3. Maintain professional growth and development
    • Trainings and career opportunities are identified and availed of based on job requirements
    • Recognitions are sought/received and demonstrated as proof of career advancement
    • Licenses and/or certifications relevant to job and career are obtained and renewed

UNIT OF COMPETENCY : PRACTICE  OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY PROCEDURES
UNIT CODE : 500311108

This unit covers the outcomes required to comply with regulatory and organizational requirements for occupational health and safety.

  1. Identify hazards and risks
    • Safety regulations and workplace safety and hazard control practices and procedures are clarified and explained based on organization procedures
    • Hazards/risks in the workplace and their corresponding indicators are identified to minimize or eliminate risk to co-workers, workplace and environment in accordance with organization procedures
    • Contingency measures during workplace accidents, fire and other emergencies are recognized and established in accordance with organization procedures
  2. Evaluate hazards and risks
    • Terms of maximum tolerable limits which when exceeded will result in harm or damage are identified based on threshold limit values (TLV)
    • Effects of the hazards are determined
    • OHS issues and/or concerns and identified safety hazards are reported to designated personnel in accordance with workplace requirements and relevant workplace OHS legislation
  3. Control hazards and risks
    • Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) procedures for controlling hazards/risks in workplace are consistently
      followed
    • Procedures for dealing with workplace accidents, fire and emergencies are followed in accordance with organization OHS policies
    • Personal protective equipment (PPE) is correctly used in accordance with organization OHS procedures and practices
    • Appropriate assistance is provided in the event of a workplace emergency in accordance with established organization protocol
  4. Maintain OHS awareness
    • Emergency-related drills and trainings are participated in as per established organization guidelines and procedures
    • OHS personal records are completed and updated in accordance with workplace requirements

DEFINITION OF TERMS

  • Attachment Refers to anything like clampshell, dragline, boring/rotary (drilling) equipment, pile driver, drop hammer or other accessories/special attachments used instead of the conventional lift block to perform different types of lifting jobs.
  • Boom (crane) Refers to lattice type of boom or jib used for supporting the hoisting tackle.
  • Boom Length Refers to the measurement from the boom foot pins to the center of the boom point sheaves.
  • Lattice Boom Refers to a movable mechanical part of the crane carrying the hoisting gear; it is made up of a network of crisscrossed strips of metal
  • Reeving Refers to a rope system in which the rope travels around the drums and sheaves.
  • Crawler Crane Refers to a mobile type of crane consists of rotating superstructure with power plant operating machinery, and lattice boom mounted on a base, equipped with thread (track assembly) for travel. In addition to its primary use for lifting services, it is designed also for duty cycle operations such as dragline, clampshell and magnet operations. It is normally controlled by a system of brakes, clutches, and torque converters. This equipment is classified based on 75 percent of its tipping capacity.
  • Standard Refers to a degree or level of requirement set by the manufacturer.
  • Stability Refers to the machine resistance to overturning (Truck Mounted Crane – lifting on outriggers are based on 85 percent of the tipping capacity).
  • Safety Devices Refer to boom angle indicators, load moment indicators, anti-two blocking devices (where applicable), boom kick out lever, etc.
  • Work Area Refers to any place inside the swing circle of the crane. It must be barricaded off and only those directly involve in the lift shall be allowed to entry.

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