HORTICULTURE NC III – TESDA COURSE MODULE

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TRAINING REGULATIONS FOR HORTICULTURE NC III

The Horticulture NC III consists of competencies that a person must achieve in managing small farm. Specifically it involves competencies in making decision and carrying out competencies in relation to establishment, maintenance and harvesting of horticultural crops such as vegetables, fruits and cut flowers. Workers at this level would be working autonomously and likely to own a small enterprise or work within a cooperative structure.

A student who has achieved this Course in HORTICULTURE NC III is competent to be:

  • Independent Farmer (Owner / Operator in a smaller operation
  • Leading hand

HORTICULTURE NC III – TRAINING AND REGULATION MODULE

Course Title: HORTICULTURE
Level: NC III
Nominal Training Duration : 445 Hours

This course is designed to enhance the knowledge, skills and attitude of an individual in the field of horticulture in accordance with industry standards. In general, it covers core competencies on undertaking preparation of land for agricultural crop production, implementing a post-harvest program, implementing a plant nutrition program, controlling weeds and preparing and applying chemicals. In horticulture, it covers core competencies on establishing horticultural crops, coordinating a horticultural maintenance program, coordinating horticultural crop harvesting, undertaking field budding and grafting and undertaking propagation activities.

TRAINEE ENTRY REQUIREMENTS

Trainees or students wishing to gain entry into this course should possess the following requirements:

  • can communicate either oral and written
  • physically and mentally fit
  • with good moral character
  • can perform basic mathematical computation

This list does not include specific institutional requirements such as educational attainment, appropriate work experience, and others that may be required of the trainees by the school or training center delivering the TVET program.

COMPETENCIES REQUIRED IN HORTICULTURE NC III

This units of competency comprising this qualification include Basic, Common, Elective and Core Competencies.

To obtain this course, all units prescribed for this qualification must be achieved.

These units of competency comprising this qualification include the following:

UNIT CODE CORE COMPETENCIES
AGR611310 Prepare land for agricultural crop production
AGR611311 Implement post-harvest program
AGR611312 Implement plant nutrition program
AGR611313 Control weeds
AGR611314 Prepare and apply chemicals
AGR611315 Establish horticultural crops
AGR611316 Coordinate horticultural maintenance program
AGR611317 Coordinate horticultural crop harvesting
AGR611318 Undertake field budding and grafting
AGR611319 Undertake propagation activities
UNIT CODE ELECTIVE COMPETENCIES
AGR611325 Follow site quarantine procedures
AGR611326 Collect samples for a rural production or horticultural monitoring program
AGR611327 Handle bulk materials in storage area
AGR611328 Prepare grain storage
AGR611329 Comply with industry quality assurance requirements
AGR611330 Maintain and monitor environmental work practices
AGR611331 Keep records for farm business
AGR611332 Perform specialized machinery maintenance
AGR611333 Install irrigation systems
UNIT CODE COMMON COMPETENCIES
AGR321201 Apply safety measures in farm operations
AGR321202 Use farm tools and equipment
AGR321203 Perform estimation and calculations
UNIT CODE BASIC COMPETENCIES
500311109 Lead workplace communication
500311110 Lead small teams
500311111 Develop and practice negotiation skills
500311112 Solve problems related to work activities
500311113 Use mathematical concepts and techniques
500311114 Use relevant technologies

This section gives the details of the contents of the core units of competency required in HORTICULTURE NC III.

CORE COMPETENCIES

Core competency units comprising the qualification in HORTICULTURE NC III

UNIT OF COMPETENCY : PREPARE LAND FOR AGRICULTURAL CROP PRODUCTION
UNIT CODE : AGR611310

This unit covers the skills and knowledge required to prepare equipment, cultivate the site, apply any pre-planting treatments, and care for the vehicles and equipment on completing the activity. Equipment and machinery may be animal-powered. It includes the completion of documentation and logbooks for the operation. Preparing land for crop production is likely to be carried out under limited supervision from others with checking only related to overall progress. Preparing land for crop production is usually done within established routines, methods and procedures. Some discretion and judgement is required in the selection of equipment and materials, organization of work and services.

  1. Prepare for cultivation
    • Requirements for the work to be undertaken are interpreted from the planting plan and confirmed with the manager.
    • The method and order of cultivation is identified and interpreted from the planting plan.
    • OHS hazards are identified, risks assessed and suitable controls are implemented.
    • Suitable personal protective equipment is selected, used and maintained.
    • The environmental implications of cultivating the site are identified, likely outcomes assessed and, if necessary, responsible action is taken.
  2. Prepare the cultivating equipment
    • The vehicles and equipment required for site cultivation are selected according to the planting plan and organization guidelines.
    • The vehicles and equipment are serviced, adjusted for the conditions and worn parts are replaced to ensure reliability during cultivation.
    • All containers, leftover fluids, waste and debris from the maintenance and servicing work are disposed of safely and appropriately.
    • All maintenance and servicing is documented according to the requirements of the organization’s record keeping system.
  3. Cultivate soil
    • Previous crop or land clearance debris is removed, incorporated or burnt according to the organizations guidelines.
    • The cultivation plan is followed and completed for each site.
    • OHS hazards are identified, risks assessed and suitable controls are implemented.
    • Suitable personal protective equipment is selected, used and maintained.
    • Vehicles and equipment are operated in a safe, effective and efficient manner and at speeds to suit the conditions.
    • The quality of cultivation is maximized by continually checking and adjusting the vehicles and equipment as necessary.
    • All time, resource and quality requirements of the planting plan are met.
  4. Prepare site for planting
    • The planting layout and soil profiles are completed as required by the planting plan.
    • Weed and pest control measures are taken as required by the planting plan.
    • Fertilizers, ameliorants, and/or other pre-planting treatments are applied as required by the planting plan
    • The environmental implications of site preparation are identified, likely outcomes assessed and, if necessary, responsible action is taken.
  5. Complete land preparation operations
    • Equipment is cleaned in accordance with manufacturers specifications, organizational procedures and regulations.
    • Vehicles and equipment are cleaned and stored to minimize damage according to manufacturers specifications, organizational procedures and regulations.
    • All containers, leftover fluids, waste and debris from the cleaning and maintenance work are disposed of safely and appropriately.
    • All required records and documentation are completed accurately and promptly according to organizational requirements.

UNIT OF COMPETENCY : IMPLEMENT A POST-HARVEST PROGRAM
UNIT CODE : AGR611311

This unit covers the skills and knowledge required for the process of implementing a post-harvest program for horticultural crops including grading, treating, packing and storing harvested produce. Implementing a post-harvest program is likely to be carried out under limited supervision from others with checking only related to overall progress. The work requires the application of extensive horticultural knowledge and a broad range of horticultural skills. The post-harvest program usually follows established routines, methods and procedures where some discretion and judgment is required.

  1. Prepare for implementation of post-harvest operations
    • Post-harvest operations to be performed are identified according to farm work procedures, the marketing plan and industry guidelines and confirmed with the supervisor.
    • Materials, tools, equipment and machinery are selected according to farm work procedures.
    • Pre-operational and safety checks are carried out on tools, equipment and machinery according to manufacturers specifications and farm work procedures.
    • OHS hazards are identified, risks assessed, controls implemented and reported to the supervisor.
    • Suitable safety and personal protective equipment (PPE) are selected, used and maintained.
  2. Co-ordinate postharvest work
    • sequential, timely and effective manner in consultation with the supervisor.
    • Post-harvest operations are undertaken according to OHS requirements and with due consideration of the environmental implications.
    • A clean, safe and hygienic work area is maintained throughout and on completion of work.
  3. Implement postharvest treatments
    • Harvested produce is graded and labelled according to the marketing plan and farm work procedures.
    • Produce that does not meet specifications and farm standards is identified and disposed of according to farm environmental procedures.
    • Post-harvest treatments are selected according to harvested produce requirements, the farm integrated pest management strategy and the marketing plan.
    • Timing, rate, application method, environmental requirements and handling techniques conform to the requirements of the harvested produce, farm work procedures and industry best practice.
    • Post-harvest practices are economical, methodical, meet established work schedules and with minimum damage to produce.
    • Tools, equipment and machinery are cleaned and maintained according to farm work procedures.
  4. Implement hazardous waste disposal guidelines
    • Waste disposal requirements of the farm are reviewed and operational tasks determined.
      4.2 Collection and disposal of waste are monitored according to farm environmental procedures.
      4.3 Conditions likely to impact on business viability are reported promptly to the supervisor.
  5. Implement packaging requirements of produce
    • Packaging requirements specified in the marketing plan and farm work procedures are reviewed and operational tasks determined.
    • Packaging of produce conform to the requirements of the harvested produce, the marketing plan and industry best practice.
    • Packaging materials are selected based on environmentally sound principles.
    • Packaging processes are recorded according to farm work procedures.
  6. Implement storage requirements of produce
    • Storage requirements specified in the marketing plan and farm work procedures are reviewed and operational tasks determined.
    • Storage and handling of produce conform to the requirements of the harvested produce, the marketing plan and industry best practice.
    • Storage processes and facilities are monitored and remedial action taken where necessary.
    • Storage processes and conditions are recorded according to farm work procedures.

UNIT OF COMPETENCY : IMPLEMENT A PLANT NUTRITION PROGRAM
UNIT CODE : AGR611312

This unit covers the skills and knowledge required to implement a plant nutrition program in the horticultural or agricultural industry. Implementing a plant nutrition program is likely to be under limited supervision from others, with checking only related to overall progress. The work is usually done within a program, routines, methods and procedures where some discretion and judgement is required in the selection of equipment and materials, organization of work, services, actions, and the achievement of outcomes within time and budgetary constraints.

  1. Prepare for implementation of the plant nutrition program
    • Goals and target site for implementation of the plant nutrition program including soils, plant species and varieties are identified according to farm work procedures.
    • Area and adjacent lands are analysed for soil composition/nutrients.
    • Materials for soil and plant treatments available to the farm are identified and the storage site or supplier details located.
    • Services are located using site plans and in consultation with the supervisor.
    • OHS hazards are identified, risks assessed, controls implemented and reported to the supervisor.
    • Suitable personal protective equipment (PPE) is selected, used and maintained.
  2. Monitor soil pH
    • Soil pH in the implementation site is monitored in relation to plant nutrition and according to farm work procedures.
    • Products useful in changing soil pH are identified, compared, selected and sourced according to farm work procedures.
    • Product application methods are assessed according to product type, soils, farm work procedures, and in due consideration of the environmental implications.
  3. Determine nutritional problems in plants
    • Common nutrient deficiency and toxicity problems in plants are identified using visual inspection.
    • The supervisor and/or nutritional specialist are consulted, as required, to determine causes of nutritional or toxicity problems.
    • Soil ameliorants to improve soil fertility are identified, compared, selected and sourced according to farm work procedures.
  4. Prepare to use fertilizers
    • The fertilizer to be used is selected according to fertilizer type, soils, farm work procedures, in consultation with the supervisor and/or nutritional specialist and in due consideration of the environmental implications.
    • Fertilizer application methods are assessed according to fertilizer type, soils, farm work procedures, and in due consideration of the environmental implications.
    • Fertilizers are applied according to the plant growing cycle and the farm fertilizer calendar.
    • Fertilizers are handled and stored according to farm work procedures and to minimize detrimental environmental impact.
  5. Prepare application equipment
    • Tools, equipment and machinery are selected according to farm work procedures.
    • Pre-operational and safety checks are carried out on tools,
      equipment and machinery according to manufacturers specifications and farm work procedures.
    • Tools, equipment and machinery are calibrated and adjusted according to manufacturers guidelines and farm work procedures.
  6. Apply specific products at appropriate rates
    • Specific products are selected based on their analysis to meet plant needs according to farm work procedures.
    • Product application rates are calculated to optimise plant benefit and minimize environmental impact according to manufacturers specifications and farm work procedures.
    • Specific products are applied at the correct rate, timing and method according to the product type and analysis, manufacturers specifications, farm work procedures, and in due consideration of the environmental implications.
    • Product applications are recorded according to farm work procedures.
    • Target plant response to the plant nutrition program, as well as any non-target effects such as environmental impact or pest responses are monitored, documented and reported to the supervisor according to farm work procedures.

UNIT OF COMPETENCY : CONTROL WEEDS
UNIT CODE : AGR611313

This unit covers the skills and knowledge required to control weeds, taking into consideration integrated pest management options. Implementation is likely to be under limited supervision from others with checking only related to overall progress. Responsibility for and limited organization of the work of others may be involved. Implementation requires the application of knowledge in areas such as weed recognition, biology and control, and the lifecycles of weed predators and hosts.

  1. Assess weed infestation
    • Scope, density and size of the infestation is assessed.
    • Weeds and beneficial organisms are identified and reported or recorded in field notes.
    • Levels of weed infestations tolerated by the client, market or environment are identified from the integrated pest management (IPM) strategy.
    • Infestation levels, above which plant health or growth objectives are compromised are identified.
    • Professional advice is obtained as required according to enterprise guidelines.
  2. Plan the implementation of control measures
    • Control measures suitable for the infestation are selected from IPM strategy.
    • Tools, equipment and implements are selected for each work activity according to enterprise work procedures.
    • OHS hazards are identified, risks. assessed, controls implemented and reported to the supervisor.
    • Suitable safety equipment and personal protective equipment (PPE) are selected, used, maintained and stored.
    • Control measures selected need to be in full consideration of environmental implications
    • Control of harmful weeds with the use of cover crops
  3. Implement control measures
    • Enterprise work team, contractors and IPM product suppliers are coordinated in a sequential, timely and effective manner in consultation with the supervisor.
    • Control measures are implemented according to the IPM principles (e.g water management for rice).
    • Implementation of IPM activities is undertaken according to OHS requirements.
    • A clean and safe work area is maintained throughout and on completion of each work activity.
    • Land is prepared to ensure weed elimination.
    • Records are maintained as required by legislation and enterprise guidelines.
  4. Monitor control methods
    • Control methods are monitored to identify side effects to other plants, animals or external environment.
    • Effectiveness of control methods are assessed in reference to specified industry and enterprise standards.
    • Adjustments to IPM control methods are implemented where necessary to meet enterprise specifications.

UNIT OF COMPETENCY : PREPARE AND APPLY CHEMICALS
UNIT CODE : AGR611314

This unit covers the skills and knowledge required to prepare and apply chemicals for the control of weeds, pests and diseases. It requires knowledge of the chemicals related to the workplace, the hazards and risks involved in their use, and the specific safety procedures prescribed for working unsupervised within organizational guidelines. It requires the ability to handle and apply chemicals ensuring minimum risk to self, others and environment and accurately record their use.

ELECTIVE COMPETENCIES

UNIT OF COMPETENCY : PROVIDE CARE AND SUPPORT TO INFANTS AND TODDLERS
UNIT CODE : HCS323301

This unit covers the knowledge, skills and attitudes required to provide care and support to infants and toddlers ages from birth to three years.

  1. Determine the need for chemical use
    • Nature and level of the pest, weed infestation or disease is identified.
    • Need for action is assessed.
    • Assess the requirement for chemical use as an option within an integrated pest management strategy.
    • Hazard and risk analysis of different chemical options is undertaken.
    • Requirement for chemical application including coverage by appropriate insurance is identified and confirmed.
  2. Prepare appropriate chemical
    • Chemical label and Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) are read and understood.
    • Labels are checked to ensure chemicals meet user requirements and specifications.
    • Chemicals are prepared from those registered for the intended purpose, and to suit the organization’s chemical use strategy.
    • Legislation and regulations concerning chemical use are identified and followed.
    • Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) hazards and risks and risk control requirements associated with use of the chemical are identified.
  3. Prepare to use chemicals according to the label and MSDS
    • Personal protective equipment is selected and checked for use according to the product label and MSDS.
    • Requirements for pre and post-operative checks on equipment are followed.
    • Damage, wear or malfunctions of any equipment is identified and reported or repaired.
    • Requirements for the selection, preparation and adjustment of application equipment and tools for the appropriate
      chemicals are followed.
    • Mixing rates are defined and calculated.
    • Directions, standards and legislative requirements for mixing chemicals are followed.
  4. Apply chemicals
    • Meteorological conditions and forecasts are assessed prior to and during application.
    • Hazards of particular chemicals are identified.
    • Risks to others and the environment are assessed and controlled.
    • Application equipment calibration procedures are followed.
    • Procedures and precautions for the use of the chemicals are interpreted from labels and accreditation requirements.
    • Requirements for chemical handling and application are determined from directions, standards and legislative requirements.
    • Chemicals are applied safely and effectively according to directions.
    • Chemical spills or accident procedures are followed.
    • First aid equipment is made available on site.
  5. Clean up following chemical application
    • Tools or equipment required to clean up chemicals are selected.
    • Requirements for cleaning equipment and sites are defined and followed according to directions and standards.
    • Requirements for disposing of unused chemicals, empty containers or spilled material are defined from directions and standards.
    • Procedures for reporting chemical spills are followed.
  6. Record application details
    • Application of chemicals is recorded according to organization procedures, label directions and legislation.
    • Details of the specific chemical concerned are recorded correctly in the chemical inventory according to regulations.
    • Inventory of personal protective equipment and application equipment is recorded.
    • Procedures and requirements for reporting application details to senior management or client are followed.
    • Records of injury or poisoning associated with application of chemical are made and provided to the appropriate person.

UNIT OF COMPETENCY : ESTABLISH HORTICULTURAL CROPS
UNIT CODE : AGR611315

This unit covers the skills and knowledge required for establishing horticultural crops. It includes preparing machinery and equipment, ploughing/cultivating, seeding, applying any pre-planting treatments, maintaining machinery and equipment, relevant record keeping, and it requires the application of skills and knowledge to use specialised equipment to carry out seeding and fertilizer operations appropriate to soil and weather conditions. Equipment and machinery may be animal-powered. In addition, it requires an awareness of licensing requirements, safe workplace and positive environmental practices associated with seeding operations including sustainable land management. The work functions in this standard involve the application of some judgement and discretion and are likely to be carried out under minimal supervision within farm guidelines.

  1. Prepare machinery and equipment for use
    • Machinery and equipment is selected and confirmed against the work plan and prepared to manufacturers specifications.
    • Equipment is securely attached and calibrated for operation to manufacturer’s specifications.
    • Existing and potential OHS hazards in the workplace are identified, risks assessed and controlled in line with farm requirements.
  2. Prepare for horticultural crop establishment
    • Soil and weather conditions are monitored for optimal seeding conditions.
    • Soil conservation and sustainable land management practices and procedures are recognized and confirmed in accordance with farm requirements and environmental concerns.
    • Seeding, fertilizer, and pest and weed control requirements are confirmed against the work plan and prepared to manufacturers specifications using safe handling procedures.
    • Contingency plans are prepared for unusual seasonal conditions and pest/disease outbreaks.
  3. Sow the crop
    • Suitable personal protective clothing and equipment is selected, used and maintained in accordance with OHS requirements.
    • Seeding and fertilizer applications are carried out in line with the work plan.
    • Pest and weed control treatment is coordinated with seeding and fertilizer applications as required.
    • Environmental implications associated with sowing operations are identified, assessed and controlled in line with farm requirements.
  4. Complete seeding operations
    • Seeding, machinery and equipment operation records are maintained in accordance with farm requirements.
    • Machinery and equipment damage, malfunctions or irregular performance are reported in line with farm requirements.
    • Machinery and equipment is cleaned, secured and stored in line with manufacturer’s specifications and farm requirements.

UNIT OF COMPETENCY : COORDINATE A HORTICULTURAL CROP MAINTENANCE PROGRAM
UNIT CODE : AGR611316

This unit covers the skills and knowledge required for coordinating a crop maintenance program in which thinning and pruning of flower, fruit or vegetable crops is undertaken to control yield and quality. Crop maintenance methods may include manual thinning, chemical thinning, selective harvesting, training, topping and trimming. Irrigation and plant nutrition programs are covered in other units of competency.

Coordinating a horticultural crop maintenance program is likely to be carried out under limited supervision from others with checking only related to overall progress. The work requires the application of horticultural knowledge and a broad range of horticultural skills.

  1. Prepare for the crop maintenance program
    • The site and operational requirements of the crop maintenance program are identified according to the site plan and farm work procedures.
    • Crop maintenance materials are selected according to farm work procedures.
    • Services are located using site plans and in consultation with the supervisor and workers.
    • OHS hazards are identified, risks assessed, controls implemented and reported to the supervisor.
    • Suitable safety and personal protective equipment (PPE) are selected, used and maintained.
  2. Prepare crop maintenance equipment
    • Tools, equipment and machinery are selected according to farm work procedures.
    • Pre-operational and safety checks are carried out on tools, equipment and machinery according to manufacturers specifications and farm work procedures.
    • Tools, equipment and machinery are calibrated and adjusted according to manufacturer’s guidelines and farm work procedures.
  3. Implement the crop maintenance program
    • Farm work team and contractors are identified and work tasks are co-ordinated in a sequential, timely and effective manner in consultation with the supervisor.
    • Work pattern is planned to cover the site in an efficient, sequential and co-ordinated manner according to farm work procedures and do maintenance work regularly.
    • Crop maintenance tasks are undertaken according to OHS requirements and with due consideration of the environmental implications.
    • Crop maintenance tasks are monitored and remedial action is undertaken where necessary to achieve program objectives.
    • A clean and safe work area is maintained throughout and on completion of work.
  4. Complete crop maintenance activities
    • Waste material is removed from the site and disposed of in an environmentally aware and safe manner according to farm work procedures.
    • Tools, equipment and machinery are cleaned, maintained and stored according to farm work procedures.
    • Work outcomes are recorded or reported to the supervisor according to farm work procedures.

UNIT OF COMPETENCY : COORDINATE HORTICULTURAL CROP HARVESTING
UNIT CODE : AGR611317

This unit covers the skills and knowledge required for coordinating harvesting activities for horticultural crops including preparing for harvest, maintaining harvest requirements, monitoring crop quality and delivering the crop.

  1. Prepare for crop harvesting
    • The crop to be harvested and the requirements and procedures to assure crop quality are identified according to farm work procedures.
    • Crop maturity is determined by experience, specification charts, aids or devices and according to client, farm and industry quality assurance specifications.
    • Suitable weather conditions for picking are established according to farm work procedures.
    • Tools, equipment and machinery are selected according to harvest requirements and farm work procedures.
    • Pre-operational and safety checks are carried out on tools, equipment and machinery according to manufacturers specifications and farm work procedures prior to harvesting.
    • OHS hazards are identified, risks assessed, controls implemented and reported to the supervisor.
    • Suitable safety and personal protective equipment (PPE) are selected, used and maintained.
  2. Coordinate harvesting activities
    • Farm work team, contractors and clients are identified and work tasks are co-ordinated in a sequential, timely and effective manner in consultation with the supervisor.
    • Harvesting of the crop is undertaken according to OHS requirements and with due consideration of the environmental implications.
    • Harvest records are maintained according to farm work procedures.
    • A clean and safe work area is maintained throughout and on completion of work.
  3. Maintain harvest requirements
    • Farm tools, equipment and machinery are maintained in effective working order throughout the harvest to enable smooth operations and minimize downtime.
    • Harvest workers are provided with sufficient tools, equipment and machinery to match harvest output and to prevent unnecessary interruptions.
    • Full containers are removed, emptied into or loaded onto transport vehicles as soon as possible after harvesting to minimize deterioration of the crop.
  4. Monitor crop quality throughout harvest
    • PPE is selected, maintained and used according to OHS procedures.
    • The crop is handled carefully to prevent damage according to farm work procedures.
    • Sorting and grading of the crop complies with client, farm and industry quality assurance specifications.
    • Crop storage minimizes postharvest deterioration according to farm work procedures.
    • The crop is transported with minimum damage according to farm work procedures.
  5. Deliver crop to specified destination
    • Delivery details including quantity, timing and destination are confirmed according to farm work procedures.
    • Crop is delivered with damage levels that are within client, farm and industry quality assurance specifications.
    • Delivered crop complies with client, farm and industry quality assurance specifications.
    • Delivery documentation is completed accurately according to farm work procedures.

UNIT OF COMPETENCY : UNDERTAKE FIELD BUDDING AND GRAFTING
UNIT CODE : AGR611318

This unit covers the skills and knowledge required to bud and graft trees, shrubs, vines and other plant types in nurseries or in field situations. It requires the ability to perform workplace information to identify grafting requirements, select appropriate material for budding/grafting and prepare materials for budding/grafting plants according to instructions. Budding and grafting requires knowledge of basic plant physiology, parts of the plant, rootstocks and scion stock, stages of the budding/grafting procedure and their purpose.

  1. Prepare parent material for budding and grafting
    • Parent plant is prepared and the method of taking budding or grafting material is employed suitable to the species and in accordance with organizational procedures.
    • Tools and equipment are free from contamination, and hygiene practices are followed in accordance with organizational guidelines.
    • Tools appropriate to the task being undertaken are chosen, used in accordance with organization guidelines, and safe working practices are employed.
  2. Prepare budding and grafting materials
    • Budding/grafting material is selected for propagation.
    • Viability of materials is maintained by appropriate storage in accordance with the proper storage requirements of the species.
    • Discarded material is disposed of in accordance with organizational waste disposal guidelines and/or procedures.
    • Stock is prepared in accordance with species and organizational guidelines.
    • Budding/grafting materials and stock are handled in an appropriate way to maintain maximum viability.
  3. Bud/graft scion
    • Budding/grafting method is in accordance with species.
    • Bud/graft is sealed.
    • Labels and identification are correct and applied in accordance with organizational guidelines.
    • Records are completed accurately and at the required time in accordance with organizational guidelines.
    • Out-of-specification process and equipment performance is identified, rectified and/or reported.
  4. Complete budding/grafting activities
    • Equipment is cleaned as required.
    • Unused grafting material is disposed of/stored according to company procedures.
    • Waste generated by both the grafting and cleaning procedures is collected, treated, disposed of or recycled according to company procedures.
    • Workplace information is recorded in the appropriate format.

UNIT OF COMPETENCY : UNDERTAKE PROPAGATION ACTIVITIES
UNIT CODE : AGR611319

This unit covers the skills and knowledge required for plant propagation in enterprises involved in nursery operations and crop production. Competency is demonstrated by the application of knowledge and skills to a range of propagation tasks, such as preparing parent plant stock, collecting propagation materials, preplanting treatments and basic plant propagation techniques. This unit does not include budding and grafting. The work is carried out within routine methods and procedures under supervision with intermittent checking. Responsibility for some roles and coordination within a team may be required.

  1. Prepare for plant propagation
    • Workplace information is interpreted and clarified according to instructions.
    • OHS hazard in the work area are identified, rectified and/or reported.
    • Suitable personal protective equipment (PPE) is selected, used, maintained and stored.
    • Tools and equipment appropriate to the task being undertaken are selected and prepared according to enterprise guidelines.
    • Propagation material is collected using the appropriate method for the species and according to enterprise guidelines.
    • Propagation material is maintained and stored to ensure maximum viability.
  2. Propagate plants
    • Pre-treatment is applied and/or carried out appropriate to the propagation method and species.
    • Propagation techniques are carried out according to the requirements of the species.
    • Propagation material is handled in a way that minimizes damage and maximizes viability.
    • Water and nutrients are applied to suit the media conditions, plant requirements and propagation techniques employed.
    • Labels are applied according to enterprise guidelines.
    • Plant health is monitored and remedial action is taken according to enterprise guidelines.
    • Propagation activities are carried out according to OHS requirements.
  3. Complete propagation activities
    • Records are completed accurately and at the required time according to enterprise guidelines.
    • Tools and equipment are cleaned and stored according to manufacturer specifications and enterprise guidelines.
    • Waste is removed and hygiene practices are followed according to enterprise and OHS requirements.

UNIT OF COMPETENCY : FOLLOW SITE QUARANTINE PROCEDURES
UNIT CODE : AGR611325

This unit covers the skills and knowledge required to follow enterprise site quarantine procedures that are designed to reduce the likelihood of pathogenic organisms entering the site. Site quarantine procedures are followed as a routine part of one’s own work and are applied to visitors to the site. Work is performed under supervision and according to established procedures and policies.

  1. Prepare to work in quarantine site
    • Ensure personal and/or work vehicles are decontaminated before entering the quarantine site.
    • Contact with potential contaminants is reported according to enterprise requirements
    • Hands are washed before livestock, feed, plant stock or other products are handled
    • Appropriate clothing and footwear is put on before commencing work and ‘street clothing’ is securely stored away from livestock, feed or other agricultural produce.
  2. Work in quarantine site
    • Chemicals for disinfestation and/or medications administered to livestock are handled and stored according to workplace requirements.
    • Different feed mixes, soils and/or growing media and/or other products are kept separately and appropriately marked according to quarantine procedures.
    • Any cases of pest and disease incidence are identified and reported to supervisor.
    • Any breaches of quarantine procedures are identified and reported to supervisor.
    • Any OHS hazards are identified and appropriate action is taken according to enterprise policy and OHS legislation and codes.
    • All waste product is disposed of according to SOP.
    • All deceased livestock, unwanted biological material or damaged/infected plant stock are disposed of according to SOP.
    • Information relating to work in quarantine site is recorded as required in the SOP.
  3. Assist in maintaining site quarantine procedures
    • All visitors are informed of the quarantine procedures and are provided with appropriate clothing and footwear, if required by SOP.
    • Any observed breaches of quarantine procedures by visitors are noted and reported to supervisor
    • Gates and doors are kept locked where required by SOP and supervisor instructions
    • Where installed, security fencing is maintained according to supervisors instructions
    • Deliveries to site are checked to ensure that established procedures for vehicle decontamination, unloading and receipt and holding or storage of stock and/or supplies are followed
  4. Respond to site quarantine breach or problem
    • The specific problem and its location is identified and reported to supervisor
    • Quarantine site and location of breach is cleaned and disinfected as required according to the specific nature of the problem and SOP
    • Livestock, plant stock suspected of being exposed to contaminants are isolated and monitored for evidence of contamination according to SOP.
    • Information about the breach or problem is recorded according to SOP

UNIT OF COMPETENCY : COLLECT SAMPLES FOR A RURAL PRODUCTION OR HORTICULTURE MONITORING PROGRAM
UNIT CODE : AGR611326

This unit covers the skills and knowledge required to collect samples as part of a rural production or horticulture monitoring program or while conducting post-mortem examination of livestock or other animals. It requires the ability to plan for collecting, prepare equipment and resources, carry out collecting, and complete collecting activities. Collecting samples requires knowledge of industry sampling and preserving guidelines and protocols, types of tissue that might be collected, environmental legislation, and sampling and preserving methods.

Samples collected will usually be analyzed by laboratory staff, although collection staff may undertake some tests.

  1. Plan for collection of samples
    • Purpose and scope of sample collection activity is confirmed from discussion with supervisor or work instructions.
    • Sample collection schedule is read/heard and confirmed with supervisor.
    • Sampling site location is confirmed and, where required, approval obtained for site access following enterprise guidelines.
    • Samples to be collected and preserved are identified in conjunction with supervisor or by reference to enterprise guidelines.
    • Range of likely operating conditions, hazards and difficult/sensitive environments are assessed for impact on sampling and testing.
  2. Prepare equipment and resources
    • Equipment required for sampling and preserving is sourced according to sampling procedures.
    • Equipment is checked for availability and serviceability in accordance with enterprise procedures.
    • Data or record sheets/books are collected for use.
    • Equipment, data sheets and personnel are moved to sampling sites without injury or damage and readied for use.
  3. Carry out sampling and preserving procedures
    • Samples are collected in accordance with sampling plan and enterprise procedures and industry protocols/guidelines.
    • Samples are preserved and recorded in accordance with sampling standards and guidelines.
    • Samples for external analysis are prepared, packaged and sent to laboratory in accordance with sampling schedule and laboratory standards.
    • Hazardous materials are packaged and transported in accordance with legislative requirements.
    • Observations including information on the surrounding area and environmental conditions are made in accordance with monitoring schedule.
    • Equipment operation and work practices conform to OHS requirements.
    • Collection outcomes including presentation of samples are reported and delivered in accordance to enterprise guidelines.
  4. Complete sample collection activities
    • Equipment and clothing is cleaned, sanitized, repaired and stored in accordance with enterprise procedures.
    • Damaged or malfunctioning equipment is repaired on site or sent to manufacturer or specialist.
    • Sampling results and observations are accurately recorded on data sheets and forwarded in accordance with enterprise procedures.
    • Changes in field conditions and equipment are conveyed to supervisor according to enterprise procedures.

UNIT OF COMPETENCY : HANDLE BULK MATERIALS IN STORAGE AREA
UNIT CODE : AGR611327

This unit covers the skills and knowledge required This competency standard covers the process of receiving, moving and sampling bulk materials in a storage area. It includes the use of safety equipment and procedures, and the repair of the facility and equipment used to store the bulk materials. Bulk materials are handled to industry standards in relation to segregation and storage conditions ensuring minimum loss or damage and optimum returns. The handling of bulk materials in storage areas is likely to be carried out under limited supervision. Overall progress may be checked periodically. The handling of bulk materials in storage areas will usually follow set routines, methods and procedures.

  1. Prepare to work in bulk materials storage area
    • Work undertaken is interpreted from the work program where necessary, and confirmed with the management.
    • OHS hazards are identified, risks assessed and suitable controls implemented.
    • Suitable personal protective clothing and equipment is selected, used and maintained.
    • Tools and equipment suitable for the work to be undertaken are selected, checked, and maintained if necessary.
    • Environmental implications of undertaking work in the bulk materials storage area are identified, likely outcomes assessed and if necessary responsible action taken.
    • Worker be informed what to do in case this type of emergency or things happen.
  2. Sample bulk materials for testing
    • Representative samples of bulk materials are taken for testing in line with the requirements of the bulk materials storage program.
    • Sampling is undertaken safely, following the prescribed guidelines for the activity.
    • Representative bulk materials samples are prepared for dispatch, accurately and clearly labelled, and packaged according to the guidelines of the organization and the analyzing body.
    • Samples are dispatched to the analyzing body, according to the requirements of the bulk materials storage program.
  3. Move bulk materials into and out of storage
    • Bulk materials for handling and storage are correctly identified from the written or verbal instructions.
    • Bulk materials are segregated according to type, variety and quality characteristics according to the requirements of the organization as stated in the bulk materials storage program.
    • Measures are taken to minimize insect and weed infestation and contamination during the movement of the bulk materials. Fumigation.
    • Bulk materials are regularly checked for insect infestation and contamination during movement according to enterprise requirements.
    • Any storage and handling equipment that is used is thoroughly cleaned after emptying, and dismantled if necessary, according to the procedures of the organization and the nature of the equipment.
    • Bulk materials are moved into and out of storage according to the procedures of the organization, and following the prescribed OHS procedures.
    • Silo types and handling equipment are selected for each bulk material type in relation to their storage characteristics and flow properties and according to the requirements of the bulk materials storage program.
    • Suitable measures are implemented to minimize the affect of desiccant dusts on the flow properties of bulk materials. If have dust collector, the better.
    • Records are clearly and accurately updated and stored as and when required by the bulk materials storage program.
  4. Repair and maintain storage facility
    • The need for repairs to the facility is identified through observation or instruction.
    • Maintenance and repairs are conducted according to the requirements of the organization and following the prescribed OHS procedures and taking into account environmental considerations.
    • Completed maintenance records and other appropriate information are documented in accordance with enterprise requirements.
    • Workshop and work areas are cleaned and maintained to OHS and enterprise requirements.
    • Maintenance and repairs, damage, malfunctions or irregular performance in machinery, tools and equipment are reported in line with organizational requirements.
    • Tools and equipment are cleaned, secured and stored in line with OHS and organizational requirements

UNIT OF COMPETENCY : PREPARE GRAIN STORAGES
UNIT CODE : AGRA611328

This unit covers the skills and knowledge required to safely maintain the site, the storage and equipment for handling, and storage of bulk materials. At the completion of the work described in this standard, storages, surrounding areas and equipment are prepared in readiness for receiving grain at an acceptable level of hygiene.

Work is likely to be under routine supervision with intermittent checking. Responsibility for some roles and co-ordination within a team may be required. Preparing bulk material storages is usually within established routines, methods and procedures. Competency at this level involves the application of knowledge and skills in the maintenance of facilities, tools and equipment.

  1. Prepare to work in bulk material storage area
    • Work to be undertaken is understood from work program where necessary, and confirmed with supervisor.
    • OHS hazards are identified, risk assessed and suitable controls implemented.
    • Suitable personal protective equipment is selected, used and maintained.
    • Tools and equipment suitable for the work to be undertaken are selected, checked and maintained, if necessary.
    • Environmental implications of undertaking work in the bulk material storage area are identified, likely outcomes assessed and, if necessary, responsible action taken.
  2. Prepare storage area
    • Storage site is cleaned of weeds, dust and spillage to organization requirements.
    • Refuse is disposed of according to regulatory requirements.
    • Site is maintained in a clean and tidy condition according to organization requirements.
    • Storage site is prepared according to OHS standards.
  3. Prepare storages
    • Storages are prepared according to OHS standards.
    • Bulk material storages are cleaned of all residues according to organization requirements.
    • Bulk material storages are checked for structural safety, damage or deterioration, and repaired or reported as required according to organization requirements.
    • Temporary storages are prepared and erected to meet the needs of the organization according to OHS standards.
  4. Prepare bulk material handling machinery
    • Bulk material handling machinery is cleaned free of contamination and residues according to organization requirements.
    • Bulk material handling equipment is adjusted and set according to organization requirements.
    • Bulk material handling equipment is prepared ready for use according to manufacturers instructions and OHS standards.
  5. Complete maintenance operations
    • Workplace information is recorded clearly and accurately in the format and at the time required by the organization.
    • Waste is collected and disposed of or recycled to minimize damage to the external environment.
    • Tools and equipment are cleaned and stored according to organization work procedures.

UNIT OF COMPETENCY : COMPLY WITH INDUSTRY QUALITY ASSURANCE REQUIREMENTS
UNIT CODE : AGR611329

This unit covers the skills and knowledge required to comply with industry quality assurance requirements in the production of meat, milk or eggs. It requires the ability to implement quality assurance practices on food safety, quality, and animal welfare, biosecurity, implement standard operating procedures, and report problems that affect quality. Complying with industry quality assurance requirements requires knowledge of industry quality assurance requirements, animal production processes, Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP) approach to quality assurance, and enterprise policies, guidelines and standard operating procedures relating to food safety, quality and animal welfare.

  1. Implement quality assurance practices on food safety and quality, biosecurity and animal welfare
    • Elements of the industry quality assurance requirements are determined.
    • Hazards to food safety and quality are identified for work area according to enterprise guidelines and standard operating procedures.
    • Critical control points for work area are determined according to workplace procedures.
    • Record keeping is completed according to industry QA requirements.
  2. Implement standard operating procedures
    • Standard operating procedures are implemented in accordance with enterprise requirements.
    • Non-conforming or defective product reported to supervisor according to enterprise/industry requirements.
    • Corrective action taken in accordance with enterprise policy and procedures.
  3. Report problems that affect quality
    • Recognize potential or existing quality problems.
    • Identify instances of variation in quality from specifications or work instructions.
    • Report variation and potential problems to supervisor/manager according to enterprise guidelines.

UNIT OF COMPETENCY : MAINTAIN AND MONITOR ENVIRONMENTAL WORK PRACTICES
UNIT CODE : AGR611330

This unit covers the skills and knowledge required to maintain and monitor positive environmental work practices. It requires the ability to recognize basic environmental hazards and threats. It includes the ability to follow and give workplace directions and instructions by communicating accurately with supervisors and workplace colleagues, and to keep records. Maintaining and monitoring environmental work practices requires awareness of, and an ability to implement relevant environmental legislation, policies and workplace/industry practices.

  1. Maintain workplace environmental procedures
    • Workplace procedures and work instructions for integrated environmental work practices for own work area are recognized, followed and conveyed to team members.
    • Relevant legislation, codes and national standards that impact on workplace environmental practices are recognized, conveyed to team members and followed.
  2. Recognize and report on potential environmental threats
    • Existing and potential environmental risks and hazards are identified, reported to designated personnel and dealt with.
    • Location and extent of the potential environmental threat are accurately recorded.
    • Reports on the potential environmental threat are completed according to enterprise guidelines.
  3. Support continuous improvement of environmental work practices
    • Information is gathered and improvements are suggested to support the development of improved environmental workplace practices.
    • Environmental issues and their relationship to workplace practices are discussed in the workplace.
    • Changes to workplace approaches to environmental practices are responded to positively and promptly in accordance with enterprise requirements.
    • Individuals/teams are informed of the results of environmental improvements in the workplace.
    • Environmental training needs of the work team are identified, and training is sought where required.
  4. Maintain environmental records
    • Environmental records are accurately and legibly maintained and stored securely in a form accessible for reporting purposes.
    • Internal and external reporting procedures are identified and maintained.

UNIT OF COMPETENCY : KEEP RECORDS FOR A FARM BUSINESS
UNIT CODE : AGR611331

This unit covers the skills and knowledge required. This competency standard covers the process of creating and maintaining physical records, preparing and processing basic financial transactions, establishing and maintaining a cashbook, and reconciling and preparing invoices within primary production businesses. Both the physical and financial records of the business are vital for use by management for planning purposes, meeting legislative requirements, and the efficient operation of the business on a daily basis.

  1. Prepare and store physical records
    • Physical records and inventories required for the organization are determined in consultation with the management team.
    • Methods for collecting information are reliable, and time and resources are used efficiently.
    • Appropriate interpersonal skills are used to access relevant information from individuals and teams.
    • Information is organized into a format suitable for analysis, interpretation and dissemination in accordance with organizational requirements.
    • Business equipment/technology is used to maintain information in accordance with organizational and OHS requirements.
    • Records are updated and stored in accordance with organizational requirements.
  2. Process petty cash transactions
    • Petty cash claims and vouchers are checked for accuracy and authenticity prior to processing.
    • Petty cash transactions are processed and recorded in accordance with organizational requirements.
    • Petty cash book balanced in accordance with organizational requirements.
  3. Establish and maintain a cash book in accordance with organizational requirements
    • Cash receipts and payments book created, and documentation relating to financial transactions checked for validity prior to processing.
    • Cashbook balances reconciled with bank and creditor statements.
    • Cashbook balances are used to complete legislative reporting requirements.
    • Cash flow statements are prepared on the basis of summarized cashbook entries.
  4. Reconcile invoices for payment to creditors
    • Adjustments and errors are identified, reported and rectified in accordance with organizational requirements.
    • Invoices processed and payment made in accordance with organizational requirements.
  5. Prepare invoices for debtors
    • Invoices are prepared accurately and, if required, distributed to nominated person for verification prior to dispatch.
    • Adjustments are made as required in accordance with organizational requirements.
    • Invoices and other related documents copied and filed in accordance with organizational requirements for taxation and auditing purposes.

UNIT OF COMPETENCY : PERFORM SPECIALISED MACHINERY AND EQUIPMENT MAINTENANCE
UNIT CODE : AGR611332

This unit covers the skills and knowledge required to maintain specialized machinery and equipment. Specialized machinery and equipment refers to machinery and equipment used principally in agriculture and horticulture, work where there is high wear and tear on components. It requires the ability to carry out engine and equipment checks, undertake transmission checks, maintain high wear components and attachments, and record maintenance work. Performing specialized machinery maintenance requires knowledge of general machine function principles and maintenance, and operational replacement wear component requirements and procedures.

  1. Carry out prime-mover checks
    • Regular prime mover checks are carried out on specialized machinery and equipment as specified in operator’s manual. After use check-up.
    • All relevant grease or lubricant points are lubricated according to manufacturers’ specifications. Regular periodic check-up.
    • Oils and filters are changed at intervals prescribed in operator’s manual.
    • Systems (i.e. cooling, electrical, lubrication, etc.) checked for deterioration and defects acted upon in line with supervisor’s instructions.
    • OHS hazards in the workplace are identified, risk assessed and reported according to enterprise requirements.
  2. Carry out transmission checks
    • Drive and steering clutches are checked for operation and adjustment in line with operator’s manual.
    • Transmission oil levels are checked in line with operator manual.
    • Tracks/wheels and undercarriage are checked for oil leaks, wear and alignment.
    • Faulty seals or leaks are identified and corrective actions taken according to operator’s instructions.
    • Transmission is regularly checked for: alignment in case of belt transmission oil levels in case of enclosed transmission.
  3. Maintain components and attachments
    • Suitable personal protective equipment is selected, used, maintained and stored according to OHS requirements.
    • Machine operational replacement wear components are checked for wear and condition.
    • Worn or unserviceable replacement components are replaced as part of daily routines.
    • Component inspection and replacement activities are completed safely following enterprise and industry guidelines.
    • Moving operational components are checked for wear and condition and adjusted to the tolerances specified in the operator’s manual where applicable.
    • Work areas are cleaned, returned to operating condition and maintained according to enterprise and OHS requirements.
  4. Record maintenance
    • Identified faults and defects are recorded in machine record.
    • Maintenance procedures including duplicates usage are recorded in workshop record.
    • Service or repair requirements are reported and acted upon according to prescribed procedures.

UNIT OF COMPETENCY : INSTALL IRRIGATION SYSTEMS
UNIT CODE : AGR611333

This unit covers the skills and knowledge required to install pressurized irrigation systems. It requires the ability to organize resources for installation work, set out and prepare site, install irrigation components, complete installation work, commission irrigation systems and communicate with work team members, supervisors, contractors and consultants. Installing irrigation systems requires knowledge of methods and techniques of irrigation, components of an irrigation system, behaviour of water on varying terrain and soil types, soil water retention testing techniques and soil characteristics, and enterprise OHS procedures.

  1. Organize resources for installation work
    • Materials, tools, equipment and machinery are selected according to the irrigation system design requirements and enterprise work procedures.
    • The construction site for the irrigation system and construction method is identified according to the site and irrigation system plans and enterprise work procedures.
    • Parts and equipment delivered to site are checked according to system drawings and specifications.
    • Pre-operational and safety checks are carried out on tools, equipment and machinery according to manufacturers specifications and enterprise work procedures.
    • OHS hazards are identified, risks assessed, controls implemented and reported to the supervisor.
    • Suitable safety and personal protective equipment (PPE) are selected, used and maintained.
    • Water supply is checked to ensure that it is compatible with system specifications.
  2. Set out and prepare site
    • Measurement and marking out of irrigation lines are consistent with the plan.
    • Trenches where constructed are at the specified depth without damage to services, facilities, features and established plants.
    • Equipment operation and work practices conform to enterprise and legislative OHS requirements.
    • Regulations and legislation relevant to the situation are observed.
    • Work practices reflect sustainable horticulture principles and respond to local community requirements.
  3. Install irrigation components
    • Plan is interpreted and where applicable, contractors are supervised and work is monitored to conform to the plan.
    • Components are assembled and connected according to the plan, joints are completed and tested according to manufacturers specifications.
    • Fittings and valves are fitted and adjusted to the requirements of the installation plan, and all joints are secured according to enterprise guidelines.
    • A clean and safe work area is maintained while installation work is carried out.
    • Tools appropriate to the task being undertaken are chosen and used according to guidelines and safe working practices are employed.
  4. Complete installation work
    • Earthworks are finished off to plan specifications and enterprise work procedures.
    • The system configuration and capacity matches the installation plan.
    • The site is restored and waste material is removed from the site and disposed of in an environmentally aware and safe manner according to enterprise work procedures.
    • Tools, equipment and machinery are cleaned, maintained and stored according to enterprise work procedures
  5. Commission irrigation system
    • Start-up sequence is in accordance with operations manual.
    • System is flushed as required.
    • Operating faults are identified and corrective actions taken according to the operations manual.
    • Testing and monitoring equipment are calibrated to manufacturers specifications.
    • Work outcomes are recorded or reported to the supervisor according to enterprise work procedures.

COMMON COMPETENCIES

UNIT OF COMPETENCY : APPLY SAFETY MEASURES IN FARM OPERATIONS
UNIT CODE : AGR321201

This unit covers the knowledge, skills and attitudes required to perform safety measures effectively and efficiently. It includes identifying areas, tools, materials, time and place in performing safety measures.

  1. Determine areas of concern for safety measures
    • Work tasks are identified in line with farm operations
    • Place for safety measures are determined in line with farm operations
    • Time for safety measures are determined in line with farm operations
    • Appropriate tools, materials and outfits are prepared in line with job requirements
  2. Apply appropriate safety measures
    • Tools and materials are used according to specifications and procedures
    • Outfits are worn according to farm requirements
    • Effectivity/shelf life/expiration of materials are strictly observed
    • Emergency procedures are known and followed to ensure a safe work requirement
    • Hazards in the workplace are identified and reported in line with farm guidelines
  3. Safekeep/dispose tools, materials and outfit
    • Used tools and outfit are cleaned after use and stored in designated areas
    • Unused materials are properly labeled and stored according to manufacturers recommendation and farm requirements
    • Waste materials are disposed according to manufacturers, government and farm requirements

UNIT OF COMPETENCY : USE FARM TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT
UNIT CODE : AGR321202

This unit covers the knowledge, skills and attitudes required to use farm tools and equipment. It includes selection, operation and preventive maintenance of farm tools and equipment.

  1. Select and use farm tools
    • Identified appropriate farm tools according to requirement/use
    • Farm tools are checked for faults and defective tools reported in accordance with farm procedures
    • Appropriate tools and equipment are safely used according to job requirements and manufacturers conditions
  2. Select and operate farm equipment
    • Identify appropriate farm equipment
    • Instructional manual of the farm tools and equipment are carefully read prior to operation
    • Pre-operation check-up is conducted in line with manufacturers manual
    • Faults in farm equipment are identified and reported in line with farm procedures
    • Farm equipment used according to its function
    • Followed safety procedures
  3. Perform preventive maintenance
    • Tools and equipment are cleaned immediately after use in line with farm procedures
    • Routine check-up and maintenance are performed
    • Tools and equipment are stored in designated areas in line with farm procedures

UNIT OF COMPETENCY : PERFORM ESTIMATION AND BASIC CALCULATION
UNIT CODE : AGR321203

This unit covers the knowledge, skills and attitudes required to perform basic workplace calculations.

  1. Perform estimation
    • Job requirements are identified from written or oral communications
    • Quantities of materials and resources required to complete a work task are estimated
    • The time needed to complete a work activity is estimated
    • Accurate estimate for work completion are made
    • Estimate of materials and resources are reported to appropriate person
  2. Perform basic workplace calculation
    • Calculations to be made are identified according to job requirements
    • Correct method of calculation identified
    • System and units of measurement to be followed are ascertained
    • Calculation needed to complete work tasks are performed using the four basic process of addition, division, multiplication and subtraction
    • Calculate whole fraction, percentage and mixed when are used to complete the instructions
    • Number computed in self checked and completed for alignment

BASIC COMPETENCIES

UNIT OF COMPETENCY : LEAD WORKPLACE COMMUNICATION
UNIT CODE : 500311109

This unit covers the knowledge, skills and attitudes required to lead in the dissemination and discussion of ideas, information and issues in the workplace.

  1. Communicate information about workplace processes
    • Appropriate communication method is selected
    • Multiple operations involving several topics areas are communicated accordingly
    • Questions are used to gain extra information
    • Correct sources of information are identified
    • Information is selected and organized correctly
    • Verbal and written reporting is undertaken when required
    • Communication skills are maintained in all situations
  2. Lead workplace discussions
    • Response to workplace issues are sought
    • Response to workplace issues are provided immediately
    • Constructive contributions are made to workplace discussions on such issues as production, quality and safety
    • Goals/objectives and action plan undertaken in the workplace are communicated
  3. Identify and communicate issues arising in the workplace
    • Issues and problems are identified as they arise
    • Information regarding problems and issues are organized coherently to ensure clear and effective communication
    • Dialogue is initiated with appropriate personnel
    • Communication problems and issues are raised as they arise

UNIT OF COMPETENCY : LEAD SMALL TEAMS
UNIT CODE : 500311110

This unit covers the knowledge, skills and attitudes to lead small teams including setting and maintaining team and individual performance standards.

  1. Provide team leadership
    • Work requirements are identified and presented to team members
    • Reasons for instructions and requirements are communicated to team members
    • Team members’ queries and concerns are recognized, discussed and dealt with
  2. Assign responsibilities
    • Duties, and responsibilities are allocated having regard to the skills, knowledge and aptitude required to properly undertake the assigned task and according to company policy
    • Duties are allocated having regard to individual preference, domestic and personal considerations, whenever possible
  3. Set performance expectations for team members
    • Performance expectations are established based on client needs and according to assignment requirements
    • Performance expectations are based on individual team members duties and area of responsibility
    • Performance expectations are discussed and disseminated to individual team members
  4. Supervised team performance
    • Monitoring of performance takes place against defined performance criteria and/or assignment instructions and corrective action taken if required
    • Team members are provided with feedback, positive support and advice on strategies to overcome any deficiencies
    • Performance issues which cannot be rectified or addressed within the team are referenced to appropriate personnel according to employer policy
    • Team members are kept informed of any changes in the priority allocated to assignments or tasks which might impact on client/customer needs and satisfaction
    • Team operations are monitored to ensure that employer/client needs and requirements are met
    • Follow-up communication is provided on all issues affecting the team
    • All relevant documentation is completed in accordance with company procedures

UNIT OF COMPETENCY : DEVELOP AND PRACTICE NEGOTIATION SKILLS
UNIT CODE : 500311111

This unit covers the skills, knowledge and attitudes required to collect information in order to negotiate to a desired outcome and participate in the negotiation.

  1. Plan negotiations
    • Information on preparing for negotiation is identified and included in the plan
    • Information on creating non verbal environments for positive negotiating is identified and included in the plan
    • Information on active listening is identified and included in the plan
    • Information on different questioning techniques is identified and included in the plan
    • Information is checked to ensure it is correct and up-to- date
  2. Participate in negotiations
    • Criteria for successful outcome are agreed upon by all parties
    • Desired outcome of all parties are considered
    • Appropriate language is used throughout the negotiation
    • A variety of questioning techniques are used
    • The issues and processes are documented and agreed upon by all parties
    • Possible solutions are discussed and their viability assessed
    • Areas for agreement are confirmed and recorded
    • Follow-up action is agreed upon by all parties

UNIT OF COMPETENCY : SOLVE PROBLEMS RELATED TO WORK ACTIVITIES
UNIT CODE : 500311112

This unit of covers the knowledge, skills and attitudes required to solve problems in the workplace including the application of problem solving techniques and to determine and resolve the root cause of problems.

  1. Identify the problem
    • Variances are identified from normal operating parameters; and product quality
    • Extent, cause and nature are of the problem are defined through observation, investigation and analytical techniques
    • Problems are clearly stated and specified
  2. Determine fundamental causes of the problem
    • Possible causes are identified based on experience and the use of problem solving tools / analytical techniques.
    • Possible cause statements are developed based on findings
    • Fundamental causes are identified per results of investigation conducted
  3. Determine corrective action
    • All possible options are considered for resolution of the problem
    • Strengths and weaknesses of possible options are considered
    • Corrective actions are determined to resolve the problem and possible future causes
    • Action plans are developed identifying measurable objectives, resource needs and timelines in accordance with safety and operating procedures
  4. Provide recommendation/s to manager
    • Report on recommendations are prepared
    • Recommendations are presented to appropriate personnel.
    • Recommendations are followed-up, if required

UNIT OF COMPETENCY : USE MATHEMATICAL CONCEPTS AND TECHNIQUES
UNIT CODE : 500311113

This unit covers the knowledge, skills and attitudes required in the application of mathematical concepts and techniques.

  1. Identify mathematical tools and techniques to solve problem
    • Problem areas are identified based on given condition
    • Mathematical techniques are selected based on the given problem
  2. Apply mathematical procedure/solution
    • Mathematical techniques are applied based on the problem identified
    • Mathematical computations are performed to the level of accuracy required for the problem
    • Results of mathematical computation is determined and verified based on job requirements
  3. Analyze results
    • Result of application is reviewed based on expected and required specifications and outcome
    • Appropriate action is applied in case of error

UNIT OF COMPETENCY : USE RELEVANT TECHNOLOGIES
UNIT CODE : 500311114

This unit of competency covers the knowledge, skills, and attitude required in selecting, sourcing and applying appropriate and affordable technologies in the workplace.

  1. Study/select appropriate technology
    • Usage of different technologies is determined based on job requirements
    • Appropriate technology is selected as per work specification
  2. Apply relevant technology
    • Relevant technology is effectively used in carrying out function
    • Applicable software and hardware are used as per task requirement
    • Management concepts are observed and practiced as per established industry practices
  3. Maintain/enhance of relevant technology
    • Maintenance of technology is applied in accordance with the industry standard operating procedure, manufacturer’s operating guidelines and occupational health and safety procedure to ensure its operative ability
    • Updating of technology is maintained through continuing education or training in accordance with job requirement
    • Technology failure/ defect is immediately reported to the concern/responsible person or section for appropriate action

DEFINITION OF TERMS

  • Aflatoxin – the toxin produced by some strains of the fungi ASPERGILUS FLAVUS and ASPERGILUS PARASTICUS; the most potent carcinogen yet discovered.
  • Ambient condition – ordinary room temperature and relative humidity.
  • Ambient air – the surrounding air (atmospheric).
  • Ambient storage – any treatment or practice extending post harvest life of harvested commodity beyond that of similar commodity held under ambient conditions without treatment.
  • Airflow rate – the amount of air passing through an obstruction per unit of time.
  • ACIAR – Australian Center for International Agricultural Research
  • AFHB – ASEAN Food Handling Bureau
  • BPRE – Bureau of Post harvest Research & Extension
  • Curing – process of toughening and self-healing of bruises and skinned areas in root and
    tubes crops or the rapid closing of the neck of bulb crops under favourable conditions
  • Driller – a machine for sowing in furrows
  • Drip Irrigation – application of water through small tubes and orifices or emitters which discharge small quantity of water to the base of the plant
  • Dry-bulb temperature – the temperature of air indicated by a standard temperature
  • Equilibrium moisture content – the moisture content at which moisture in a product is in equilibrium with the surrounding air. The product does not gain or loss moisture.
  • Fogging – to cover or envelope with fog
  • Foliar Fertilizer – fertilizer formulation containing nitrogen, phosphorous and potassium plus selected micronutrient element such as (Ca, Mg, Mn, Fe, Zn, Cl, B, Cu, S) applied by spraying on the leaves
  • Fumigant – a chemical compound which acts in the gaseous state to destroy insects and their larvae.
  • Fumigation – the process of treating stored products with insecticides/pesticides and the like in fumes or vapor form.
  • Furrow Irrigation – a method of supplying water through a canal system wherein water flows down or across the slope of the field
  • Furrowing – final step in land preparation by making furrows or beds for planting
  • GATT – General Agreement on Tariff and Trade
  • Grading – the process of classifying into groups according to a set of recognized criteria of quality and size, each group bearing an accepted name and size grouping.
  • Growing Medium – mixture of different materials such as soil, sand, compost, coir dust, rice hull, perlite, peat, etc. for growing seedlings
  • HACCP – Hazard Analysis Critical Control Points
  • Hardening – the process of gradually withholding water and exposing to direct sunlight to prevent seedlings from transplanting stress/shock
  • Harrowing – breaking of large soil clods that are caused by plowing
  • Hilling-Up – the process of covering the applied fertilizer material by raising the soil towards the base of the plant to further stabilize its stand for better plant growth.
  • Hygrometer – an instrument that measures humidity.
  • Insect pest – a destructive or harmful insect.
  • Irrigation – any method of supplying water to sustain plant growth
  • Off-Baring – process of cultivating the soil away from the base of the plants
  • Pricking-Off – methods of transferring of seedling to avoid overcrowding
  • Larvae – the first stage of the life cycle of insects after leaving the egg.
  • Manometer – an instrument that measures air pressure.
  • Maturity – the quality or state of ripeness, or of being fully developed grain.
  • Maturity index – signs or indications that a commodity is mature and is ready to be harvested.
  • Moisture content – the conventional index used to determine whether the seed is dry enough for safe storage or for milling usually expressed in percent (% M.C.).
  • Molds – superficial often woolly growth produced on various forms of organic matter, especially when damp or decaying.
  • NFA – National Food Authority
  • Packaging – technology or process to ensure adequate protection and safe delivery of a product from the produces to the ultimate consumer.
  • Packing – act of putting commodities in a container.
  • Packinghouse – place where the preparatory steps for storage or marketing are done.
  • Pallet – low portable platform made of wood or metal or in combination to facilitate handling, storage or transport of materials as a unit load using forklift.
  • Perishables – food crops for which value and/or quality is maintained over a short period of time after harvest. These include fruits, vegetables, flowers, young coconut, nursery stocks and some staple root crops such as sweet potato, cassava and yam.
  • Postharvest disease – disease observed after harvest regardless of when or where initial infestation took place.
  • Post harvest handling – specific term used for the movement of commodities and operations through which a commodity undergoes from harvest to possession of the fixed consumer, includes the technological aspects of marketing and distribution.
  • Post harvest infection – infection that takes place after harvest.
  • Post harvest life – period of time during which a commodity is still acceptable for its intended purpose.
  • Pre cooling – strictly, it means the rapid cooling (48 hours or less) of a commodity to a desired transit or storage temperature soon after harvest before it is stored or moved in transit.
  • Pupa – an intermediate stage of an insect that preys on one or more plants and animals that man wishes to preserve for his own use.
  • Refrigeration – process of removing heat from a compartment or substance so that temperature is lowered and then maintained at a desirable level, usually refers to refrigeration by mechanical means.
  • Relative humidity – the actual vapor pressure of the air relative to saturation.
  • Respiration – biological process by which organic materials are broken down to simpler forms accompanied by the release of energy and heat.
  • Ripening – the state of development of a fruit when it becomes soft and edible applies strictly to climacteric type fruit.
  • Rodents – refer to rats and mice which destroy grains and other stored products.
  • Senescence – final phase in the life of an organ in which a series of normally irreversible events are initiated leading to cellular breakdown or death of the organ.
  • Side-Dress Fertilizer – additional amount of any fertilizer materials applied at the onset of flowering to complete the nutritional requirement of the crop
  • Sprinkler Irrigation – a mechanical method of supplying water over the standing crop by means of a nozzle which is rotated by water pressure
  • Synthetic Mulch – mulching materials made either of polyethylene or non-woven fabric
  • Sorting – the process of classifying into groups designated by the person classifying crops or commodities the produce either according to a set criteria.
  • Standard – the set of criteria and specifications of quality determining the grades, described as product characteristics such as maturity, color, cleanliness, shape, free from decay and blemishes and uniformity of size.
  • Storage – process of keeping horticultural crops in a structure designed to protect the stored products from inclement weather and pests for a short or long period of time to await processing or movement to other location.
  • Storage life – the longest time produce can be kept in a sound marketable condition.
  • Tachometer – an instrument that measures revolutions per minute
  • Tillage – the mechanical manipulation of the soil
  • Transplants – vegetable seedlings produced for transplanting
  • Trellis – a support structure for vinyl crops and can either be T, I, Y, A shaped
  • Velometer – an instrument that measures velocity of air flow
  • Waxing – application of a thin film of surface coating to fruits and vegetables.
  • Wet-bulb temperature – temperature of moist air indicated by a thermometer whose bulb is covered with a moist wick which the air flow passing over has a velocity of 15 ft per second.

6 Comments

  • I am planning to enroll for hurticulture nc111 San Po Ang may malapit tesda na mayroon nito or kung module how I enroll .

    • Please inquire below:

      Arteche National Agricultural School (ANAS) Arteche Campus
      Brgy. Sabang, Arteche, Eastern Samar
      09056052289/ 09056053516

      Balangiga National Agricultural School (BNAS)
      San Lorenzo St., Brgy. 1, Balangiga, Eastern Samar
      (055)578-3100/ 09399031864/09175067344/ 09175218325

      Buhian Diversified Farm (Learning Site)
      Purok 9, Poblacion, Initao, Misamis Oriental
      0975-5233-233/ 0991-443-7845

      Dos Four Dos Farm
      Brgy. Magsaysay, Aborlan, Palawan
      9493426621

      Eve’s Agri Farm
      Km. 55 Brgy. Babuyan, Puerto Princesa City Palawan
      9178300228

      Goshen Farm
      Brgy. 10, Lawaan Eastern Samar
      9300850994

      Isabela State University (Main Campus)
      San Fabian, Echague, Isabela
      (078) 305-6011

      Lazi Technical Institute (LTI)
      Tigbawan, Lazi, Siquijor
      (035) 922-6071/ 09285210294/ 0917-7792429

      Nueva Vizcaya Polytechnic Institute
      Pudi, Kasibu, Nueva Vizcaya
      09368074347 09023239190

      OP Saarenas Integrated Farm
      Patag, Manticao, and Tuburan, Naawan, Misamis Oriental
      (088) 856-2608 / 0916-692-6218

      Oroquieta Agro-Industrial School
      Purok 3, Villaflor, Oroquieta City
      (088) 531-2122 / 531-2111

      Quezon National Agricultural School
      Brgy. Silangang Malicboy, Pagbilao, Quezon
      (042) 716-0500

      R and D Oliveros Institute of Technology and Agri-Tourism Corporation
      Purok 5, Sotero Nuesa, Roxas, Isabela
      9956320254

      South Cotabato State College
      Brgy. Dajay, Surallah, So. Cotabato
      083-238-5143

      Villaconzoilo Farm School, Inc.
      Barangay Villaconzoilo, Jaro, Leyte
      9399163282

      Wangan National Agricultural School
      Wangan, Calinan, Davao City
      9167324463

      Yamang Bukid Farm
      Kandis III, Bacungan, Puerto Princesa City, Palawan
      9072377258

  • Hi, I’m planning to take Horticulture NC 3. Ano po and requirements, how to enroll and saan po siya available.

    • List of TESDA accredited schools that offer Horticulture NC III Course

      Arteche National Agricultural School (ANAS) – Arteche and Oras Campus
      Arteche and Oras Eastern Samar

      Balangiga National Agricultural School (BNAS)
      Brgy. 1, San Lorenzo St., Balangiga, Eastern Samar

      Bonsay Farm
      Sitio Matiag, Brgy. Inogbong, Bataraza, Palawan

      Buhian Diversified Farm (Learning Site)
      Purok 9, Poblacion, Initao, Misamis Oriental

      Buhian Diversified Farm (Learning Site)
      Purok 9, Poblacion, Initao, Misamis Oriental

      Dos Four Dos Farm
      Brgy. Magsaysay, Aborlan, Palawan

      Eve’s Agri Farm
      Km. 55 Brgy. Babuyan, Puerto Princesa City Palawan

      Goshen Farm
      Brgy. 10, Lawaan Eastern Samar

      Isabela State University (Main Campus)
      San Fabian, Ecahgue, Isabela

      Lazi Technical Institute (LTI)
      Tigbawan, Lazi, Siquijor

      Nueva Vizcaya Polytechnic Institute
      Pudi, Kasibu, Nueva Vizcaya

      Nueva Vizcaya State University – Bayombong Campus
      Bayombong, Nueva Vizcaya

      OP Saarenas Integrated Farm
      Patag, Manticao, and Tuburan, Naawan, Misamis Oriental

      Oroquieta Agro-Industrial School
      Purok 3, Villaflor, Oroquieta City

      Quezon National Agricultural School
      Brgy. Silangang Malicboy, Pagbilao, Quezon

      R and D Oliveros Institute of Technology and Agri-Tourism Corporation
      Purok 5, Sotero Nuesa, Roxas, Isabela

      South Cotabato State College
      Brgy. Dajay, Surallah, So. Cotabato

      Villaconzoilo Farm School, Inc.
      Barangay Villaconzoilo, Jaro, Leyte

      Wangan National Agricultural School
      Wangan, Calinan, Davao City

      Yamang Bukid Farm
      Kandis III, Bacungan, Puerto Princesa City, Palawan

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