TESDA TRAINING REGULATIONS FOR BIOMEDICAL EQUIPMENT SERVICING NC II COURSE
This TESDA Course in BIOMEDICAL EQUIPMENT SERVICING NC II consists of competencies that a person must achieve to install, perform corrective and preventive maintenance, repair biomedical equipment, assess and refer biomedical equipment.
A student who has achieved this TESDA Course in BIOMEDICAL EQUIPMENT SERVICING NC II is competent to be:
- Biomedical Equipment Technician (BMET)
- Medical Equipment Mechanic / Repairer
TRAINEE ENTRY REQUIREMENTS
Trainees or students wishing to enroll in these course qualifications should possess the following requirements:
- 16 years old and above
- Must pass the trainability / aptitude test
- Can communicate effectively both in oral and written form
- Physically, emotionally and mentally fit
- Can perform basic mathematical computation
This list does not include specific institutional requirements such as educational attainment, appropriate work experience, and others that may be required of the trainees by the school or training center delivering this TVET program.
BIOMEDICAL EQUIPMENT SERVICING NC II – TRAINING AND REGULATION MODULE
Course Title: BIOMEDICAL EQUIPMENT SERVICING
Level: NC II
Nominal Training Duration :
(Basic Competency) 18 Hours
(Common Competency) 18 Hours
(Core Competency) 960 Hours
Total Duration: 996 Hours
This set of standards provides Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) providers with information and other important requirements to consider when designing training programs for BIOMEDICAL EQUIPMENT SERVICING NCII.
This includes information on curriculum design, training delivery, trainee entry requirements, tools, materials and equipment, training facilities and trainers qualification and national assessment and certification arrangements.
COMPETENCIES REQUIRED IN BIOMEDICAL EQUIPMENT SERVICING NC II
This units of competency comprising this qualification include Basic, Common, and Core Competencies.
To obtain this TESDA course in BIOMEDICAL EQUIPMENT SERVICING NC II, all units prescribed for this qualification must be achieved.
These units of competency comprising this qualification include the following:
|UNIT CODE||CORE COMPETENCIES (960 Hours)|
|HCS311301||Install biomedical equipment|
|HCS311302||Perform corrective maintenance on biomedical equipment|
|HCS311303||Perform preventive maintenance on biomedical equipment|
|HCS311304||Repair biomedical equipment|
|HCS311305||Assess and refer biomedical equipment|
|UNIT CODE||COMMON COMPETENCIES (18 Hours)|
|HCS323201||Implement and monitor infection control policies and procedures|
|HCS323202||Respond effectively to difficult/challenging behavior|
|HCS323203||Apply basic first aid|
|HCS323204||Maintain high standard of patient services|
|UNIT CODE||BASIC COMPETENCIES (18 Hours)|
|500311105||Participate in workplace communication|
|500311106||Work in a team environment|
|500311107||Practice career professionalism|
|500311108||Practice occupational health and safety procedures|
This section gives the details and contents of the units of competency required in BIOMEDICAL EQUIPMENT SERVICING NC II. These units of competency are categorized into basic, common and core competencies.
This section gives the details of the contents of the core units of competency required in BIOMEDICAL EQUIPMENT SERVICING NC II.
INSTALL BIOMEDICAL EQUIPMENT
UNIT CODE : HCS311301
This unit covers the knowledge, skills and attitudes necessary to install biomedical equipment related to patient care.
- Interpret work instructions
- Work instructions are read and interpreted to determine job requirements.
- Tools and testing devices needed to carry out the installation work are selected in accordance with established procedures and checked for correct operation and safety.
- Materials necessary to complete the work are obtained in accordance with job requirements.
- Install equipment and accessories
- Equipment and components are prepared for correct sequential installation.
- OSH policies and procedures for installation are followed according to manufacturer’s specifications.
- PPE is used according to institution’s requirements.
- Electrical cabling and wiring devices of correct loading capacity are selected and safely installed according to National Electrical Code.
- Equipment is installed in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions, requirements, and without damage to self and others or surrounding place or environment.
- Unplanned events or conditions are responded to in accordance with established institutional procedures.
- Test installed equipment and accessories
- Equipment is tested in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions.
- Final inspections are undertaken to ensure that the installed device conforms with manufacturer’s instructions.
- Work site is cleaned and cleared of all debris and left safe in accordance with the institution’s requirements.
- Report on installation and testing of equipment is prepared and submitted according to institution’s procedures.
- Endorse equipment to appropriate end user according to institution’s requirements.
PERFORM CORRECTIVE MAINTENANCE ON BIOMEDICAL EQUIPMENT
UNIT CODE : HCS311302
This unit covers the knowledge, skills and attitude required in conducting corrective maintenance.
- Respond to client/customer service request
- Appropriate request form is received in accordance with institution protocols.
- Covered biomedical equipment is identified.
- Prompt service is conducted on-site or in the workshop.
- Prepare unit/equipment
- Complete assembly check-up and fault symptoms are conducted, identified, and verified against client description and properly documented.
- Repair history is verified in line with the institution procedures.
- Service manuals and service information required for the corrective maintenance are made available at the beginning of the corrective maintenance activities.
- Workplace is cleaned in accordance with the institution procedure.
- Necessary tools, test instrument and personal protective equipment are prepared in line with job requirement.
- Diagnose faults
- Systematic pre-testing procedure is observed in accordance with manufacturer’s instruction.
- System detect is identified using appropriate tools and test equipment and in accordance with organizational policies and procedures.
- Accurate diagnosis is completed within the specified timeframe.
- Diagnosis and findings of basic biomedical equipment failures or technical problems are completely and accurately documented in accordance with institution standard.
- Fault/s, defects and range of the problems are properly and courteously explained to the client in accordance with institution policy.
- Repair biomedical equipment
- Safety equipment is used to protect self and others in accordance with established Occupational Health and Safety practices.
- Defective spare parts/components are replaced with equivalent and/or better performing spare parts/components.
- Repair and/or replaced parts/components are soldered in accordance to current best industry practice.
- Necessary circuit adjustment, re-calibration and testing procedure is done and in conformance with equipment
manufacturer specification standards.
- Necessary modification, conversion of parts and/or circuits is applied in accordance with industry best practice and equipment manufacturer specifications.
- Spare parts substitution is in accordance with the manufacturer’s specification or equivalent.
- Corrective maintenance activity is accomplished within the required time frame.
- Care and extreme precaution in handling the unit is observed.
- Reassemble and test repaired unit
- Performance and functional test is conducted immediately after re-assembly.
- Equipment status and performance is checked and ensured conformance with equipment manufacturer standard and other health safety regulations.
- Complete and accurate documentation is prepared.
- Tools and test instrument are cleaned and cared as per organizational procedure.
- Waste materials are disposed in accordance with hospital waste management and other environmental requirements.
- Re-commission biomedical equipment
- Basic biomedical equipment and its immediate surrounding are cleaned in accordance with institution policy.
- Appropriate staff is communicated on the status of the equipment as per institution standards.
- Perform and maintain biomedical equipment corrective maintenance documentation.
- Health care equipment corrective maintenance form and other relevant reports are accomplished in strict observance of institution standards.
- Reports are submitted to proper officer/offices in accordance with institution policy.
- Corrective maintenance documents are systematically kept and updated as per institution standards.
PERFORM PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE ON BIOMEDICAL EQUIPMENT
UNIT CODE : HCS311303
This unit covers the knowledge, skills and attitudes required in conducting preventive maintenance.
- Prepare preventive maintenance protocol
- Covered biomedical equipment and accessories is identified.
- Update basic biomedical equipment inventory on the covered BBE is secured and used as reference for preventive maintenance preparation.
- Repair history and equipment consumables are verified in line with the institution’s procedure.
- Appropriate checklist forms tools, test equipment, calibrating tools, fast moving consumables and personal protective equipment are secured in line with job requirements.
- Implement preliminary preventive maintenance protocol
- Preventive maintenance program is properly communicated with the appropriate staff.
- Immediate surrounding of covered BBE is secured from unnecessary hazards.
- Performed basic biomedical equipment ocular inspection in accordance with institution’s procedure.
- Cleaned and sanitized BBE in accordance with manufacturer standard and/or institution’s procedure.
- Perform electrical safety testing
- Set-up appropriate test equipment in accordance with equipment manufacturer standards and established occupational health and safety practices.
- Line voltage, ground resistance and current leakage of the covered BBE are measured in accordance with manufacturer standards and in strict observance of the established occupational health and safety practices.
- Electrical safety test results with equipment manufacturer’s safety standards are analyzed.
- Electrical faults are corrected in accordance with equipment manufacture standards.
- Perform health care equipment functional test
- Equipment set-up and start-up operation is performed in accordance with equipment manufacturer standards.
- Set equipment controls in accordance with equipment manufacture’s functional test standard.
- Controls and start up signals are checked in accordance with manufacture standard operating procedure and safety regulations.
- BBE operation protocols are simulated in accordance with manufacturer standard.
- Equipment lubrication is done in accordance with manufacturer standards.
- Accessories of the covered BBE are inspected and set-up in accordance with institution and equipment manufacturer standard respectively.
- Appropriate equipment consumables are replaced in accordance with manufacturer standards
- Functional test is completed within the specified time as provided in the institution BBE preventive maintenance procedure.
- Check and perform BBE calibration
- Appropriate calibration procedures and parameters are determined in accordance with equipment manufacturer standards and/or institution’s guidelines.
- Calibration equipment is set-up in accordance with manufacturer standard and occupational and health safety practices.
- BBE operation is simulated in accordance with equipment manufacturer standards.
- Calibration controls are crossed check and verified in accordance with manufacturer’s standards.
- Necessary adjustments are made in accordance with equipment manufacturer’s instruction.
- Covered BBE is subjected to final test in accordance with institution guidelines and procedures.
- Re-commission BBE.
- Reassembled BBE are subjected to final testing in accordance with institution standard.
- BBE and its immediate surrounding are cleaned in accordance with institution policy.
- Communicated with appropriate staff that preventive maintenance procedure is done and brief’s the same on equipment status as per institution standard.
- Perform and maintain BBE preventive maintenance documentation
- Basic biomedical equipment checklist forms and other preventive maintenance documents are accomplished in strict observance of institution standards.
- Reports are submitted to proper officer/office in accordance with institution policy.
- Preventive maintenance documents are systematically kept and updated as per institution standards.
REPAIR BIOMEDICAL EQUIPMENT
UNIT CODE : HCS311304
This unit covers the knowledge, skills and attitudes necessary to repair biomedical equipment related to patient care.
- Inspect equipment for repair
- Identify equipment for repair in accordance to institutional rules and regulations.
- Sort and classify equipment for repair.
- Prioritize equipment for repair.
- Plan and prepare for repair
- Repair is planned and prepared in line with job requirements.
- OSH policies and procedures are followed in line with job requirements.
- Equipment is checked against specification and requirements.
- Materials and supplies necessary to complete the work are obtained in accordance with established procedures and checked against job requirements.
- Tools, equipment and testing devices needed to carry out the work are obtained in accordance with established procedures and checked for correct operation and safety.
- Repair equipment
- Appropriate personal protective equipment is used and OSH policies and procedures are followed.
- Normal function of equipment is checked in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions.
- Fault or problem in the equipment is diagnosed in line with the standard operating procedures.
- Determine most cost-effective repair solution in accordance with institution’s requirements.
- Equipment is repaired or replaced in line with the standard operating procedures.
- Inspect the test equipment
- Final inspections are undertaken to ensure that the testing conducted on the equipment and circuits conforms with the manufacturer’s instruction/manual.
- Equipment is checked to ensure safe operation.
- Unplanned events or conditions are responded to in accordance with established procedures.
- Work site is cleaned and cleared of all debris and left in a safe condition in accordance with established procedures.
- Report is prepared/completed according to company requirements.
- Endorse equipment to appropriate end user according to institution’s requirements.
ASSESS AND REFER BIOMEDICAL EQUIPMENT
UNIT CODE : HCS311305
This unit covers the knowledge, skills and attitudes required in the assessment and referral of biomedical equipment.
- Plan and prepare
- Identification of equipment faults / defects is planned and prepared in line with job requirements.
- Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) policies and procedures needed are followed in line with job requirements.
- Materials necessary to complete the work are obtained in accordance with job establish procedures and checked against job requirements.
- Appropriate personnel are consulted to ensure that the work is effectively coordinated.
- Tools, equipment and testing devices needed to carry out the work are obtained in accordance with established procedures and checked for proper operation and safety.
- System and equipment defects are checked against job requirements.
- Assess faults / defects
- accordance with job requirements and manufacturer’s requirements.
- Equipment faults / defects are assessed in accordance with standard operating procedures.
- Contingency measures are managed and implemented in accordance with established procedures.
- Unplanned events or conditions are responded to in accordance with established institutional procedures.
- Refer for reassessment / repair
- Necessary report prepared as per institutional requirements.
- Where applicable, details of referrals (e.g. name, company, specialization) are identified based on equipment assessment
- Identify and inform appropriate personnel regarding assessment findings according to established protocol.
- Submit report in accordance with institutional policies and requirements.
UNIT OF COMPETENCY : IMPLEMENT AND MONITOR INFECTION CONTROL POLICIES AND PROCEDURES
UNIT CODE : HCS323201
This unit is concerned with infection control responsibilities of employees with supervisory accountability to implement and monitor infection control policy and procedures in a specific work unit or team within an organization. This unit does not apply to a role with organization-wide responsibilities for infection control policy and procedure development, implementation or monitoring.
- Provide information to the work group about the organization’s infection control policies and procedures.
- Relevant information about the organization’s infection control policy and procedures, and applicable industry codes of practice are accurately and clearly explained to the work group
- Information about identified hazards and the outcomes of infection risk assessments is regularly provided to the work group
- Opportunity is provided for the work group to seek further information on workplace infection control issues and practices
- Integrate the organization’s infection control policy and procedure into work practices
- Infection control policy and procedures are implemented by supervisor and members of the work group.
- Liaison is maintained with person responsible for organization-wide infection control.
- The Supervisor’s coaching support ensures that individuals/teams are able to implement infection control practices
- Work procedures are adopted to reflect appropriate infection control practice
- Issues raised through consultation are dealt with and resolved promptly or referred to the appropriate personnel for resolution
- Workplace procedures for dealing with infection control risks and hazardous events are implemented whenever necessary
- Employees are encouraged to report infection risks and to improve infection control procedures
- Monitor infection control performance and implement improvements in practices
- Infection control hazardous events are investigated promptly to identify their cause in accordance with organization policy and procedures
- Work procedures to control infection risks are monitored to ensure compliance
- Work procedures are regularly reviewed and adjusted to ensure improvements in infection control practice
- Supervisor provides feedback to team and individuals on compliance issues, changes in work procedures and infection control outcomes
- Training in work procedures is provided as required to ensure maintenance of infection control standards
- Inadequacies in work procedures and infection control measures are identified, corrected or reported to designated personnel
- Records of infection control risks and incidents are accurately maintained as required
- Aggregate infection control information reports are used to identify hazards, to monitor and improve risk control Method and to indicate training needs
UNIT OF COMPETENCY : RESPOND EFFECTIVELY TO DIFFICULT/ CHALLENGING BEHAVIOR
UNIT CODE : HCS323202
This unit of competency covers the knowledge, skills and attitudes to effectively respond to difficult or challenging behavior of patient.
- Plan responses
- Responses are planned to instances of difficult or challenging behavior to maximize the availability of other appropriate staff and resources
- Specific manifestations of difficult or challenging behavior are identified and strategies appropriate to these behaviors are planned as required.
- Safety of self and others is given priority in responding to difficult or challenging behavior according to institutional policies and procedures.
- Apply response
- Difficult or challenging behavior is dealt with promptly, firmly and diplomatically in accordance with institutional policy and procedures.
- Communication is used effectively to achieve the desired outcomes in responding to difficult or challenging behavior
- Appropriate strategies are selected to suit particular instances of difficult or challenging behavior
- Report and review incidents
- Incidents are reported according to institutional policies and procedures
- Incidents are reviewed with appropriate staff and suggestions appropriate to area of responsibility are made.
- Debriefing mechanisms and other activities are used and participated in
- Advice and assistance is sought from legitimate sources when appropriate.
UNIT OF COMPETENCY : APPLY BASIC FIRST AID
UNIT CODE : HCS323203
This unit covers the knowledge, skills and attitudes required to provide an initial response where First Aid is required. In this unit it is assumed that the First Aider is working under supervision and / or according to established workplace First Aid procedures and policies
- Assess the situation
- Physical hazards to self and casualty’s health and safety are identified
- Immediate risks to self and casualty’s occupational health and safety (OSH )are minimized by controlling the hazard in accordance with OSH requirements
- Casualty’s vital signs and physical condition are assessed in accordance with workplace procedures
- Apply basic first aid techniques
- First Aid management is provided in accordance with established First Aid procedures
- Casualty is reassured in a caring and calm manner and made comfortable using available resources
- First Aid assistance is sought from others in a timely manner and as appropriate
- Casualty’s condition is monitored and responded to in accordance with effective First Aid principles and workplace procedures
- Details of casualty’s physical condition, changes in conditions, management and response are accurately recorded in line with organizational procedures
- Casualty management is finalized according to his/her needs and First Aid principles
- Communicate details of the incident
- Appropriate medical assistance is requested using relevant communication media and equipment
- Details of casualty’s condition and management activities are accurately conveyed to emergency services/relieving personnel
- Reports to supervisors are prepared in a timely manner, presenting all relevant facts according to established company procedures
UNIT OF COMPETENCY : MAINTAIN HIGH STANDARDS OF PATIENT SERVICES
UNIT CODE : HCS323204
This unit covers the knowledge, skills and attitudes required in the maintenance of high standards of patient services.
- Communicate appropriately with patients
- Effective communication strategies and techniques are identified and used to achieve best patient service outcomes
- Complaints are responded to in accordance with organizational policy to ensure best service to patients
- Complaints are dealt with in accordance with established procedures
- Interpreter services are accessed as required
- Action is taken to resolve conflicts either directly, where a positive outcome can be immediately achieved, or by referral to the appropriate personnel
- Participation in work team is constructive and collaborative and demonstrates an understanding of own role
- Establish and maintain good interpersonal relationship with patients
- Rapport is established to ensure the service is appropriate to and in the best interests of patients
- Effective listening skills are used to ensure a high level of effective communication and quality of service
- Patient concerns and needs are correctly identified and responded to responsibly and accordingly established procedures and guidelines
- Effectiveness of interpersonal interaction is consistently monitored and evaluated to ensure best patient service outcomes
- Act in a respectful manner at all times
- Respect for differences is positively, actively and consistently demonstrated in all work
- Confidentiality and privacy of patients is maintained
- Courtesy is demonstrated in all interactions with patients, their visitors, careers and family
- Assistance with the care of patients with challenging behaviors is provided in accordance with established procedures
- Techniques are used to manage and minimize aggression
- Evaluate own work to maintain a high standard of patient service
- Advice and assistance is received or sought from appropriate sources on own performance
- Own work is adjusted, incorporating recommendations that address performance issues, to maintain the agreed standard of patient support
UNIT OF COMPETENCY : PARTICIPATE IN WORKPLACE COMMUNICATION
UNIT CODE : 500311105
This unit covers the knowledge, skills and attitudes required to gather, interpret and convey information in response to workplace requirements.
- Obtain and convey workplace information
- Specific and relevant information is accessed from appropriate sources
- Effective questioning, active listening and speaking skills are used together and convey information
- Appropriate medium is used to transfer information and ideas
- Appropriate non- verbal communication is used
- Appropriate lines of communication with supervisors and colleagues are identified and followed
- Defined workplace procedures for the location and storage of information are used
- Personal interaction is carried out clearly and concisely
- Participate in workplace meetings and discussions
- Team meetings are at ended on time
- Own opinions are clear expressed and those of others are listened to without interruption
- Meeting inputs are consistent with the meeting purpose and established protocols
- Workplace interactions are conducted in a courteous manner
- Questions about simple routine workplace procedures and matters concerning working conditions of employment are asked and responded to.
- Meetings outcomes are interpreted and implemented
- Complete relevant work related documents
- Range of forms relating to conditions of employment are completed accurately and legibly
- Workplace data is recorded on standard workplace forms and documents
- Basic mathematical processes are used for routine calculations
- Errors in recording information on forms/documents are identified and properly acted upon
- Reporting requirements to supervisor are completed according to organizational guidelines
UNIT OF COMPETENCY : WORK IN TEAM ENVIRONMENT
UNIT CODE : 500311106
This unit covers the skills, knowledge and attitudes to identify role and responsibility as a member of a team.
- Describe team role and scope
- The role and objective of the team is identified from available sources of information
- Team parameters, reporting relationships and responsibilities are identified from team discussions and appropriate external sources.
- Identify own role and responsibility within team
- Individual role and responsibilities within the team environment are identified.
- Roles and responsibility of other team members are identified and recognized.
- Reporting relationships within team and external to team are identified.
- Work as a team member
- Effective and appropriate forms of communications used and interactions undertaken with team members who contribute to known team activities and objectives.
- Effective and appropriate contributions made to complement team activities and objectives, based on individual skills and competencies and workplace context.
- Observed protocols in reporting using standard operating procedures.
- Contribute to the development of team work plans based on an understanding of team’s role and objectives and individual competencies of the members.
UNIT OF COMPETENCY : PRACTICE CAREER PROFESSIONALISM
UNIT CODE : 500311107
This unit covers the knowledge, skills and attitudes in promoting career growth and advancement.
- Integrate personal objectives with organizational goals
- Personal growth and work plans are pursued towards improving the qualifications set for the profession
- Intra- and interpersonal relationships is are maintained in the course of managing oneself based on performance evaluation
- Commitment to the organization and its goal is demonstrated in the performance of duties
- Set and meet work priorities
- Competing demands are prioritized to achieve personal, team and organizational goals and objectives.
- Resources are utilized efficiently and effectively to manage work priorities and commitments
- Practices along economic use and maintenance of equipment and facilities are followed as per established procedures
- Maintain professional growth and development
- Trainings and career opportunities are identified and availed of based on job requirements
- Recognitions are sought/received and demonstrated as proof of career advancement
- Licenses and/or certifications relevant to job and career are obtained and renewed
UNIT OF COMPETENCY : PRACTICE OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY PROCEDURES
UNIT CODE : 500311108
This unit covers the outcomes required to comply with regulatory and organizational requirements for occupational health and safety.
- Identify hazards and risks
- Safety regulations and workplace safety and hazard control practices and procedures are clarified and explained based on organization procedures
- Hazards/risks in the workplace and their corresponding indicators are identified to minimize or eliminate risk to co-workers, workplace and environment in accordance with organization procedures
- Contingency measures during workplace accidents, fire and other emergencies are recognized and established in accordance with organization procedures
- Evaluate hazards and risks
- Terms of maximum tolerable limits which when exceeded will result in harm or damage are identified based on threshold limit values (TLV)
- Effects of the hazards are determined
- OHS issues and/or concerns and identified safety hazards are reported to designated personnel in accordance with workplace requirements and relevant workplace OHS legislation
- Control hazards and risks
- Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) procedures for controlling hazards/risks in workplace are consistently
- Procedures for dealing with workplace accidents, fire and emergencies are followed in accordance with organization OHS policies
- Personal protective equipment (PPE) is correctly used in accordance with organization OHS procedures and practices
- Appropriate assistance is provided in the event of a workplace emergency in accordance with established organization protocol
- Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) procedures for controlling hazards/risks in workplace are consistently
- Maintain OHS awareness
- Emergency-related drills and trainings are participated in as per established organization guidelines and procedures
- OHS personal records are completed and updated in accordance with workplace requirements
DEFINITION OF TERMS
- Maintenance A combination of any action carried out to retain an item in, or restore it to an acceptable operation condition.
- Preventive Maintenance Maintained carried out a predetermined interval, or to other prescribed criteria, and intended to reduce the like hood of an item not meeting an acceptable condition.
- Corrective Maintenance Maintenance carried out to restore (including adjustment and repair) an item, which has ceased to meet an acceptable condition.
- Electro cardiograph (ECG) An instrument for recording the changes of electrical potential occurring during the heartbeat; used especially in diagnosing abnormalities of the heart action.
- Spectrophotometer A device for measuring the concentration of a substance in a solution using single beam of light that passes through the solution.
- Blood Pressure Apparatus An equipment use to measure arterial blood pressure in the lateral pressure of force exerted by blood on a unit area of the blood vessel wall.
- Weighing Scale A measuring instrument for determining the weight of an object: amount of mass in terms of kilogram (kg) or pounds (lbs)
- Nebulizer A device used to turn liquid medicine into a fine spray, or nebulas, usually liquid form medicine for asthma; for quick nasal ingestion.
- Laryngoscope A flexible, lighted tube used to examine the larynx.
- Stethoscope A medical instrument for listening to the sounds generated inside the body which otherwise could not be heard by a human ear unaided.
- Sterilizer A device for heating substances above their boiling point. Use to manufacture chemicals of to sterilized surgical instrument.
- Water bath A device for regulating the temperature of anything subjected to heat, by surrounding the vessel containing it with another vessel containing water that can be kept at a desired temperature.