ARTIFICIAL INSEMINATION (Large Ruminants) NC II TESDA Course – List of Schools

ARTIFICIAL INSEMINATION (Large Ruminants) National Certificate II (TESDA Course)

The ARTIFICIAL INSEMINATION (Large Ruminants) NC II Qualification consists of competencies that a person must achieve to establish readiness for artificial insemination, prepare for artificial insemination (AI) operation, perform artificial insemination (AI) and prepare artificial insemination (AI) documentations and reports It has an elective competency to conduct artificial insemination awareness for clientele.

This Qualification is packaged from the competency map of the Agri-Fishery Sector.

A person who has achieved this qualification is competent to be:

  • Artificial Insemination Technician
  • Artificial Inseminator

ARTIFICIAL INSEMINATION (Large Ruminants) NC II QUALIFICATION

Course Title: ARTIFICIAL INSEMINATION (Large Ruminants)
Level: NC II
Nominal Training Duration : 204 Hours

This course is designed to enhance the knowledge, desirable attitudes and skills of artificial insemination technician in accordance with industry standards. It covers establishing readiness for artificial insemination, preparing for artificial insemination (AI) operation, performing artificial insemination (AI) and preparing artificial insemination (AI) documentations and reports. It also includes competencies in workplace communication, teamwork, practicing professionalism, safety in the use of hand tools and equipment, housekeeping and basic mathematical operations and calculations. It has elective competency in conducting artificial insemination awareness for clientele.

TRAINEE ENTRY REQUIREMENTS

Trainees or students wishing to enroll in this course should possess the following requirements.

  • Able to read and write;
  • With good moral character;
  • Able to communicate, both orally and in written; and
  • Physically fit and mentally healthy as certified by a Public Health Officer

COMPETENCIES REQUIRED IN ARTIFICIAL INSEMINATION (Large Ruminants) NC II

This units of competency comprising this qualification include the following:

CORE COMPETENCIES (172 Hours)

UNIT CODE CORE COMPETENCIES
AGR621205 Establish readiness for artificial insemination
AGR621206 Prepare for artificial insemination (AI) operation
AGR621207 Perform artificial insemination (AI)
AGR621208 Prepare artificial insemination (AI) documentations and reports

ELECTIVE COMPETENCIES

UNIT CODE CORE COMPETENCIES
AGR621209 Conduct artificial insemination awareness for clientele

ESTABLISH READINESS FOR ARTIFICIAL INSEMINATION (AGR621205) – This unit covers the knowledge, skills and attitudes
required to establish animal readiness for artificial insemination. It includes validation information on animal and assessing animal condition.

  1. Validate information on animal
    • Client’s and animal’s profile are recorded using the prescribed forms and accordance to standard operating procedures.
    • Transactions and coordination is made in accordance to communication etiquette
    • Accurate interpretation and decision is made based on the gathered information
  2. Assess animal condition
    • Physical condition of the animal is evaluated based on recommended standards.
    • Signs of estrus are monitored.
    • Animal is restrained using the prescribed chute.
    • Examination through rectal palpation is conducted to determine the animal’s reproductive condition.
    • Task is performed without causing injuries to the animal, technician and others.
    • Accurate interpretation and decision is made based on the result of the actual examination.

PREPARE FOR ARTIFICIAL INSEMINATION (AGR621206) – This unit covers the outcomes in the preparation and transport of AI equipment, tools, supplies and materials, including hygiene and safety requirements to ensure the integrity and quality of the semen prior to the AI procedure.

  1. Carry-out preparatory activities
    • Sourcing of semen and LN2 supplies is made from the concerned partners
    • AI kit and LN2 tank with semen are prepared and secured during transport .
    • Preparation for AI is made in accordance with the hygiene and safety requirements.
    • Animal is restrained using suitable restraining procedures.
  2. Maintain semen quality
    • Liquid nitrogen (LN2) level is monitored using the dip stick and replenished when necessary.
    • Semen inventory is done and replenished as needed based on recommended procedures.
    • Tasks are performed to ensure safety of the technician and other individuals.

PERFORM ARTIFICIAL INSEMINATION (AGR621207) – This unit covers the knowledge, skills and attitudes
on the performance of artificial insemination (AI). It includes preparation and deposition of semen and the performing of post-artificial insemination (AI) activities.

  1. Prepare semen
    • Semen to be used is selected in accordance with the mating plan and production objective.
    • Semen straw is prepared for AI in accordance to the established procedures.
    • Task is performed in the recommended location to ensure quality of semen and avoid injuries to technician and others.
    • Defective semen straws are discarded in accordance to environmental regulations.
  2. Deposit semen
    • Cleaning of the external genitalia is performed using suitable materials and as needed.
    • Semen is deposited into the female reproductive tract following recommended standards.
    • Task is performed without causing injuries to the animal, technician and others.
  3. Perform post-artificial insemination (AI) activities
    • Clients are advised about the management of animals after AI.
    • Task is performed without causing injuries to the animal, technician and others
    • Wastes are disposed according to existing environmental regulations.

PREPARE FOR ARTIFICIAL INSEMINATION (AI) DOCUMENTATIONS AND REPORTS (AGR621208) – This unit covers the required documentation for technicians in the conduct of artificial insemination and related activities.

  1. Collect and process data
    • Necessary forms are secured from partners.
    • Data is collected and processed as required in the forms.
    • Photos and other pertinent information are gathered as needed.
    • Evidence for breed registry is secured, as needed
  2. Accomplish and submit forms
    • Forms are accomplished and submitted to concerned partners.
    • Summary report is prepared and submitted using required forms.
    • File copies of accomplished forms and summary report are kept and compiled by technicians according to required filing procedures.

CONDUCT ARITIFICIAL INSEMINATION AWARENESS FOR CLIENTELE (AGR621209) – This unit involves the skills, knowledge and attitudes required to conduct community awareness program on artificial insemination to the wider public. It includes competencies in preparing for the conduct and carryingout of awareness activities for clientele.

  1. Prepare for the conduct of awareness activities for clientele
    • Clientele consultation is conducted to ensure that programs meet their needs.
    • Coordination with local government and relevant personnel is carried-out to determine objectives of the program.
    • Awareness activities are structured and finalized with reference to the objectives.
    • Relevant equipment, aids and other materials to be used are sourced and organized.
  2. Carry-out awareness activities for clientele
    • Information on artificial insemination is presented to the target clients in a clear and logical sequence.
    • Awareness activities are conducted using effective public speaking techniques.
    • Effective approach is used to assist the clientele in understanding the program.
    • Opportunities are provided for the clientele to seek clarification on important points.
    • Routine clients questions are answered and supplemented with relevant information as needed.
    • Queries outside the area of responsibility or expertise are referred to appropriate personnel/area.
    • Objections and adverse reactions are handled fittingly.

BASIC COMPETENCIES (18 Hours)

UNIT CODE BASIC COMPETENCIES
500311105 Participate in workplace communication
500311106 Work in a team environment
500311107 Practice career professionalism
500311108 Practice occupational health and safety procedures

PARTICIPATE IN WORKPLACE COMMUNICATION (500311105) – This unit covers the knowledge, skills and attitudes
required to gather, interpret and convey information in response to workplace requirements..

  1. Obtain and convey workplace information.
  2. Participate in workplace meetings and discussions
  3. Complete relevant work related documents.

WORK IN TEAM ENVIRONMENT (500311106) – This unit covers the skills, knowledge and attitudes to identify role and responsibility as a member of a team..

  1. Describe team role and scope
  2. Identify own role and responsibility within team
  3. Work as a team member

PRACTICE CAREER PROFESSIONALISM (500311107) – This unit covers the knowledge, skills and attitudes in promoting career growth and advancement.

  1. Integrate personal objectives with organizational goals.
  2. Set and meet work priorities.
  3. Maintain professional growth and development.

PRACTICE OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY PROCEDURES (500311108) – This unit covers the outcomes  required to comply with regulatory and organizational requirements for occupational health and safety.

  1. Identify hazards and risks
  2. Evaluate hazard and risks
  3. Control hazards and risks
  4. Maintain occupational health and safety awareness

COMMON COMPETENCIES (14 Hours)

UNIT CODE COMMON COMPETENCIES
AFF321201 Apply safety measures in farm operations
AFF321202 Use farm tools and equipment
AFF321203 Perform estimation and calculations
AFF321205 Process farm wastes

APPLY SAFETY MEASURES IN FARM OPERATIONS (AFF321201) – This unit covers the knowledge, skills and  attitudes required to perform safety measures effectively and efficiently. It includes identifying areas, tools, materials, time and place in performing safety measures..

  1. Determine areas of concern for safety measures
  2. Apply appropriate safety measures
  3. Safekeep/dispose of tools, materials and outfit

USE FARM TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT (AFF321202) – This unit covers the knowledge, skills and attitudes required to use farm tools and equipment. It includes selection, operation and preventive maintenance of farm tools and equipment.

  1. Select and use farm tools
  2. Select and operate farm equipment
  3. Perform preventive maintenance

PERFORM ESTIMATION AND BASIC CALCULATION (AFF321203) – This unit covers the knowledge, skills and attitudes
required to perform basic workplace calculations

  1. Perform estimation
  2. Perform basic workplace calculation

PROCESS FARM WASTES (AFF321205) – This unit covers the knowledge, skills and attitudes required to process farm wastes. It comprises functions such as collecting farm wastes, conducting waste identification and segregation, treating and processing farm wastes and performing housekeeping duties.

  1. Collect farm wastes
  2. Identify and segregate wastes
  3. Treat and process
  4. Perform housekeeping

DEFINITION OF TERMS

  • Artificial Insemination – introduction of semen (sperm cells in semi fluid) into the female’s reproductive tract using instruments.
  • Barrow – a male swine, castrated (testicles removed) before reaching sexual maturity
  • Bellowing – a sound made by animals to call someone’s attention, which is profoundly pronounced in females in estrus; vocalization of an animal in estrus to attract the opposite sex
  • Boar – uncastrated male swine usually kept for breeding
  • Body condition scoring system – refers to the system or method of evaluating the over-all condition of animals(such as nutritional status of animals particularly dairy animals) based on body conformation; scoring ranges from 1-5 where score 1 is very thin and score 5 is very fat or obese
  • Breed – is a group of animals or plants with a homogeneous appearance, behavior, and other characteristics that distinguish it from other animals or plants of the same species
  • Breeding calendar – refers to the schedule of breeding (thru AI or natural mating) of individual animal or animals in the herd, where dates of estrus, breeding, dried off (off from milk), calving, pregnancy diagnosis, fertility status and other reproductive related events are reflected; it is an efficient tool that provides important information on the events of each heifer/cow in the herd; a modified (circular) calendar that can monitor the reproductive activity of animals.
  • Calf – a newly born male or female cattle or buffalo; a young offspring of cattle or buffalo
  • Calf drop – refers to the calf born on the ground; an offsring of cattle or carabao born alive
  • Calving – the act or process of parturition or delivering calf
  • Cervix – from the Latin cervix uteri, meaning “neck of the womb”, is the lower, narrow portion of the uterus where it joins with the top end of the vagina. It is cylindrical or conical in shape and protrudes through the upper anterior vaginal wall; part of the reproductive tract, which is sphincter-like structure that projects posteriorly to the vagina and connects anteriorly to the uterus
  • Chute– is a channel or a holding area in handling or sorting animals; is a structure used to restrain cattle or carabao which measures 2m L x 1.0 m width x 1.2m H
  • Colostrum – first milk, within 24 hours , from a female animal after giving birth
  • Cow – a mature female cattle or buffalo that has given birth or delivered a young
  • Crossbreed – a group of animals produced by mating two or more different breeds or strains of animals; an offspring produced from the mating of two distinct breeds of animals of the same species
  • Culling –removal of undesirable or inferior animals in the herd based on important economic traits and overall performance
  • Estrus – also refers to as heat period; time when a female animal is receptive to accept male ; physiologically, when the hormone estrogen is at its peak
  • External genitalia – sex organ, or primary sexual characteristic, as narrowly defined, is any of the anatomical parts of the body which are involved in sexual reproduction and constitute the reproductive system in a complex organism
  • Gestation Period – refers to the period of carrying the young in the womb or pregnancy
  • Heifer – a young female cattle or buffalo that has not given birth
  • Inbreeding – mating of closely related animals in a herd
  • Liquid nitrogen (LN2) – is nitrogen in a liquid state at a very low temperature (boiling point is -196oC and freezing point is -210oC), a colourless clear liquid and is often referred to by the abbreviation, LN2 or “LIN” or “LN”; and is a cryogenic fluid which can cause rapid freezing on contact with living tissue, which may lead to frostbite
  • Large ruminants– well-known large grazing or browsing mammals. Refers to a group of large animals, cattle and water buffalo, that are characterized by the four compartments of their stomach (rumen, reticulum, omassum and abomassum), which could subsist on forage grasses or vegetation
  • Livestock – domestic animals kept for use on a farm and raised for sale and profit Mating plan- is a system of identifying which cow/heifer is mated/bred to which bull; a systematic plan of breeding animals designed to improve a particular trait/s
  • Nutrients – food elements or substance found in the feeds such as protein, carbohydrates, fats and others
  • Practice animal – is an animal kept in the farm identified to be used in the practice of any production/reproduction activity and not necessarily of productive use to contribute sales in the farm, like, animals used in the practice of insertion in the conduct of AI proficiency; an animal used in trainings for artificial insemination and pregnancy diagnosis
  • Pregnancy diagnosis– a technique or a method of determining or diagnosing a pregnant animal; a procedure used to determine pregnancy through rectal palpation or other methods
  • Purebreeding – is the mating of the unrelated individuals of in the same breed Ruminants – refers to animals with complex digestive system e.g. cattle, carabao, goats and sheep
  • Semen– is an organic fluid from male animals, also known as seminal fluid, that may contain spermatozoa; a male secretion that consists of the seminal fluid and sperm cells
  • Semen straw– small plastic straw holding between 0.4 and 1.0 ml of semen; is a type of packing material used in the processing and storage of semen
  • Selection – refers to the process of choosing males and females with desirable characteristics either for breeding or replacement stocks
  • Signs of estrus – refers to the behavioral, external and physiological manifestations of females in estrus, which includes swelling of the vulva, reddening of the vaginal epithelium, mucus discharge, mounting behavior, restlessness, lacks of appetite, standing still when mounted and tonus of the uterus
  • Sire – a male animal intended as breeding bull or used as breeding bull; a genetically superior male animal used for natural breeding or semen donor
  • Steer – a young male calf one year to 18 months old
  • Suffocation – also known as asphyxia or asphyxiation (from Greek α- “without” and σ φύξις sphyxis, “heartbeat”) is a condition of severely deficient supply of oxygen to the body that arises from being unable to breathe normally for eg., due to choking, accidental strangling of the rope on the neck, etc.
  • Vulvar lips – refers to the two folds of skin, the labia minora and majora
  • Vulva– from the Latin vulva, plural vulvae, consists of the external genital organs of the female mammal; a female external genitalia
  • Working corral– an area where the animals are hold for handling and sorting and other production activities are being done

List of Schools that offer TESDA Courses for ARTIFICIAL INSEMINATION ((Large Ruminants) NC II

 


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