Animal Production (Swine) National Certificate II (TESDA Course)
The Animal Production (Swine) NC II Qualification consists of competencies that a person must achieve to handle breeders, handle farrowing sows and sucklings, raise weanlings, produce finishers, maintain healthy animal environment and apply biosecurity measures.
This Qualification is packaged from the competency map of the Agri-Fishery Sector.
A person who has achieved this qualification is competent to be:
- Swine Raiser/Farmer
- Swine Production Technician
- Swine Farm Specialist
ANIMAL PRODUCTION (SWINE) NC II QUALIFICATION
Course Title: ANIMAL PRODUCTION (SWINE)
Level: NC II
Nominal Training Duration : 306 Hours
This course is designed to enhance the knowledge, desirable attitudes and skills of animal production technician in accordance with industry standards. It covers competencies in handling breeders, handling farrowing sows and sucklings, raising weanlings, producing finishers, maintaining animal healthy environment and applying bio-security measures.
TRAINEE ENTRY REQUIREMENTS
Trainees or students wishing to enroll in this course should possess the following requirements.
- Able to read and write;
- With good moral character;
- Able to communicate, both orally and in writting; and
- Physically fit and mentally healthy as certified by a Public Health Officer
COMPETENCIES REQUIRED IN ANIMAL PRODUCTION (RUMINANTS) NC II
This units of competency comprising this qualification include the following:
CORE COMPETENCIES (240 Hours)
|UNIT CODE||CORE COMPETENCIES|
|AFF621217||Handle farrowing sows and sucklings|
|AFF621220||Maintain healthy animal environment|
|AFF321302||Apply bio-security measures|
HANDLE BREEDERS (AFF621216) – This unit covers the knowledge, skills and attitudes required to select the genetically superior breeders and replacement stocks, proper handling and feeding of boar, sows and gilts, providing care and monitoring the health of the breeders
- Perform preparatory breeding activities
- Acclimatization of newly-arrived stocks is done following industy standard as prescribed by veterinarian or an animal health technician.
- Animals are given routine medication as prescribed by veterinary.
- Suitable breeds are selected based on industry standards and choice of enterprise.
- Breeder stocks are selected based on industry and enterprise standards
- Breed sows and gilts
- Signs of heat are monitored based on standards protocol.
- Heat-detection techniques are performed following established protocol.
- Sows/Gilts are bred using breeding systems based on choice of enterprise.
- Prepare and train boar for breeding
- Boar is trained to mount a female or a dummy sow
- Boar is given prescribed vaccines and medications
- Ideal weight and age are determined according industry standards.
- Optimum boar to sow ratio is observed following standard monitoring scheme.
- Monitor signs of pregnancy
- Signs of pregnancy are monitored according to standards protocol.
- Pregnancy diagnosis is performed according to standard procedures.
- Maintain and monitor animal health condition
- Periodic activities are performed following work plan and breeding schedules.
- Animal stocks are fed based on physiological growths and production cycle.
- Non-performing breeders are selected for culling based on industry standards
- Changes in animal behavior is monitored following standard procedures and GAHP.
- Record Data
- Stock inventory is updated according to established farm recording system
- Breeding schedule is monitored and recorded following work plan.
- Production performance of breeders are recorded and reported according to enterprise protocol.
HANDLE FARROWING SOWS AND SUCKLINGS (AFF621217) – This unit covers the knowledge, skills and attitudes required to raise swine effectively and efficiently. It includes preparing animals for farrowing; performance of farrowing activities; caring of piglets to weaning and recording of technical and production data.
- Prepare animals for farrowing
- Farrowing stalls or pens are cleaned and disinfected following standard hygienic procedures.
- Bathing of sows is conducted following Good Animal Husbandry Practices (GAHP)
- Pregnant sows are transferred to farrowing stalls or pens according to industry standards.
- Feed intake is determined based on farm protocols
- Signs of approaching farrowing are monitored.
- Farrowing materials and supplies are prepared based on work requirements.
- Appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE) are worn following Occupational Safety and Health Standard (OSHS).
- Perform farrowing-related activities
- Farrowing problems are monitored following enterprise protocol.
- Feed intake is adjusted based on nutrient requirements of animals.
- Sow or gilt is manually assisted based on animal requirement.
- Management of newborn piglets are conducted according to GAHP.
- Placenta and dead piglets are disposed following DENR regulations.
- Raise piglets to weaning
- Proper temperature/micro-climate is provided based on the Minimum Requirements for the Welfare of Pigs and the Code of Good Animal Husbandry Practices (GAHP)
- Colostrum and milk intake are ensured based from GAHP.
- Iron preparations are injected based on industry standards and manufacturer’s specification.
- Castrate male animals based on the Minimum Requirements for the Welfare of Pigs and the Code of Good Animal Husbandry Practices (GAHP)
- Piglets are fed based on their physiological growth requirements
- Piglets are weaned based on industry standards
- Maintain Health
- Changes in piglet behavior is monitored following enterprise protocol.
- Animal condition are monitored thru changes in fecal color, odor and consistency of piglets according to industry standard procedures.
- Uniformity of litter is monitored based on enterprise requirements.
- Sow discharges is monitored following instructions of veterinarian.
- Vaccination programs are implemented based on veterinary recommendation.
- Record data
- Farrowing card is updated following enterprise procedures.
- Farrowing schedules are monitored with reference to work plan.
- Production performance are recorded and reported to immediate authority.
RAISE WEANLINGS (AFF621218) – This unit covers the knowledge, skills and attitudes required to strategically prevent post-weaning lag affectively and efficiently, thus ensuring a healthy starter stocks for finishing. It includes preparation of piglets for weaning; handling of newly-weaned piglets; maintaining health and record keeping.
- Prepare piglets for weaning
- Pens are cleaned and disinfected based on farm specifications
- Materials and equipment are adjusted and supplied
- Weaners are grouped based on farm specifications.
- Weaners are transferred in compliance with the Animal Welfare Act
- Animals are fed according to animal requirements.
- Maintain conducive atmosphere and facilities for feeding
- Pen is cleaned regularly following standard hygienic procedures.
- Proper temperature is provided based on the Minimum Standards on the Welfare of Pigs and Code
of Good Animal Husbandry Practices (GAHP)
- Feeders are checked and adjusted to ensure proper functioning
- Feed ration is gradually shifted and increased based on animal requirements
- Fresh and clean water is provided at all times (adli bitum)
- Maintain health of newlyweaned piglets
- Animal condition is monitored following enterprise procedures.
- Uniformity of litter is monitored following farm procedures.
- Weaners are dewormed based on farm protocols
- Vaccination programs are implemented based on veterinary recommendations.
- Record data
- Weanling records are updated using standard enterprise
- Weaning schedules are monitored
- Production performance of weanlings are monitored and reported according to enterprise procedures.
PRODUCE FINISHERS (AFF621219) – This unit covers the knowledge, skills and attitudes required to care for finishers effectively and efficiently. It includes preparing animals for finishing; proper management and feeding finishers, providing care and monitoring the health of the animals and profitable marketing of hogs either as replacements stocks/breeders or market hogs.
- Prepare animals for finishing
- Suitable growers are selected for finishing based on weight and age.
- Finishers building are cleaned and disinfected following enterprise procedures.
- Materials and equipment are adjusted and supplied according to work requirements.
- Growers are grouped based on industry standards and enterprise specifications.
- Growers are transferred based on the Minimum Standards on the Welfare of Pigs and Code of Good Animal Husbandry Practices (GAHP)
- Maintain conducive atmosphere and facilities
- Pen is cleaned regularly following hygienic procedures.
- Proper temperature is monitored and provided based on the Minimum Standards on the Welfare of Pigs and Code of Good Animal Husbandry Practices (GAHP)
- Height of drinkers are checked and adjusted to ensure proper functioning based on the Minimum Standards on the Welfare of Pigs and Code of Good Animal Husbandry Practices (GAHP)
- Enough floor space is provided based on the Minimum Standards on the Welfare of Pigs and Code of Good Animal Husbandry Practices (GAHP)
- Weak animals are isolated based on industry standards.
- Feed finishers 3.1 Feeders
- Feeders are checked and adjusted to ensure proper functioning
- Animals are fed according to a standard feeding system.
- Feed ration is adjusted and shifted based on farm protocols and physiological growth.
- Medicated feeds are withdrawn according to veterinarian instructions.
- Maintain herd health care and medication program
- Changes in animal behavior are monitored following Animal Welfare Act and GAHP.
- Changes in posture of animal is monitored Animal Welfare Act and GAHP.
- Changes in respiration of animal is monitored Animal Welfare Act and GAHP.
- Changes in skin color is monitored Animal Welfare Act and GAHP.
- Uniformity of stocks is monitored following enterprise protocol.
- Vaccination and medication programs are implemented based on veterinarian instructions
- Prepare animals for marketing
- Finishing records are is updated following enterprise protocol.
- Production parameters for finishers are monitored with reference to production requirements.
MAINTAIN HEALTHY ANIMAL ENVIRONMENT (AFF621220) – This unit covers the knowledge, skills and attitudes required to maintain healthy environment effectively and efficiently. It includes proper attainment of relative humidity, controlling the required temperature and ventilation, sustaining quality air and water supplies, application of chemicals to eliminate vermin and proper disposal of the hazardous wastes.
- Maintain relative humidity
- Relative humidity is measured using hygrometer for calibration
- Curtains and blowers are adjusted following production requirements.
- Monitoring schedules for RH readings is followed according to work plan.
- Control temperature
- Temperature is measured is using thermometer.
- Curtains, blowers and window shutter are adjusted following production requirements.
- Monitoring schedules for temperature readings is followed according to work plan.
- In extreme conditions, contingency procedures are implemented
- Sustain air quality
- Approximate air quality is evaluated using sensory means.
- Common air pollutants are recognized following standards procedures.
- Sources of air pollutants are identified, neutralized and removed according to DENR standards.
- Affected animals are referred to veterinarian.
- Sustain water quality
- Schedule for routine testing of water is observed according to work plan.
- Water samples are properly collected according to established protocols.
- Water samples are submitted for testing to authority.
- Regular cleaning and disinfection of pipes and tanks are done according to established protocols.
- Maintain ventilation
- Curtain management is performed according to the animal requirements.
- Maintenance of blowers is done regularly.
- Control vermin
- Breeding places of vermin are eliminated following
- enterprise procedures.
- Farm wastes that attract vermins are disposed properly
- Perimeter fences are routinely checked and repaired to prevent entry of stray animals
- Applications of appropriate chemicals are used according to FPA guidelines.
- Breeding grounds of mosquitoes are eliminated following standard procedures.
APPLY BIO-SECURITY MEASURES (AFF321302) – This unit covers the knowledge, skills and attitudes required to apply bio-security measures in livestock farm operations. It includes identifying bio-security threats and hazards, applying disease prevention practices, applying prevention practices in disease transmission and maintaining records.
- Identify bio-security threats and hazards
- Immediate threats to the health of the animal are identified and reported to immediate authority.
- Bio-security threats are identified based on established organizational policy.
- Apply disease prevention practices
- Preparation of supplies and materials and application of disinfectants are done according to standard operating procedures
- Vehicle and foot vats disinfections are prepared and monitored regularly according to standard operating practice
- Hygiene and sanitation of farm, farm personnel and visitors are followed based on standard operating practice
- All types of vehicles and equipment entering the farm are disinfected according to standard operating procedures
- New stocks to be introduced into the herd are quarantined and vaccinated according to standard operating procedures
- Vaccination programs and health programs are implemented as instructed by veterinarian.
- Apply preventive disease transmission practices
- implemented as instructed by veterinarian.
- Apply preventive disease transmission practices
- Samples are collected and prepared for serological monitoring of notifiable diseases.
- Preventive measures on notifiable diseases as declared by BAI are followed based on industry and BAI standard
- Medication and vaccination programs are followed strictly as recommended by manufacturers and veterinarian
- Hygiene and sanitation of farm, farm personnel and visitors are followed based on standard operating practice
- Sick and unfit stocks are culled and isolated in accordance to Animal Welfare Act and standard operating procedure
- Dead stocks and by-products are disposed using proper disposal method
- Tools and equipment used in sick and dead animals are properly clean and disinfected.
- Communication with supervising veterinarian are done regularly following enterprise requirements.
- Maintain records
- Appropriate records in checklist format are kept, collated and updated regularly in accordance with organizational policy
- Reporting to veterinarian or supervisor are carried out based on industry standards.
BASIC COMPETENCIES (18 Hours)
|UNIT CODE||BASIC COMPETENCIES|
|500311105||Participate in workplace communication|
|500311106||Work in a team environment|
|500311107||Practice career professionalism|
|500311108||Practice occupational health and safety procedures|
PARTICIPATE IN WORKPLACE COMMUNICATION (500311105) – This unit covers the knowledge, skills and attitudes
required to gather, interpret and convey information in response to workplace requirements..
- Obtain and convey workplace information.
- Participate in workplace meetings and discussions
- Complete relevant work related documents.
WORK IN TEAM ENVIRONMENT (500311106) – This unit covers the skills, knowledge and attitudes to identify role and responsibility as a member of a team..
- Describe team role and scope
- Identify own role and responsibility within team
- Work as a team member
PRACTICE CAREER PROFESSIONALISM (500311107) – This unit covers the knowledge, skills and attitudes in promoting career growth and advancement.
- Integrate personal objectives with organizational goals.
- Set and meet work priorities.
- Maintain professional growth and development.
PRACTICE OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY PROCEDURES (500311108) – This unit covers the outcomes required to comply with regulatory and organizational requirements for occupational health and safety.
- Identify hazards and risks
- Evaluate hazard and risks
- Control hazards and risks
- Maintain occupational health and safety awareness
COMMON COMPETENCIES (48 Hours)
|UNIT CODE||COMMON COMPETENCIES|
|AFF321201||Apply safety measures in farm operations|
|AFF321202||Use farm tools and equipment|
|AFF321203||Perform estimation and calculations|
|AFF321205||Process farm wastes|
APPLY SAFETY MEASURES IN FARM OPERATIONS (AFF321201) – This unit covers the knowledge, skills and attitudes required to perform safety measures effectively and efficiently. It includes identifying areas, tools, materials, time and place in performing safety measures..
- Determine areas of concern for safety measures
- Apply appropriate safety measures
- Safekeep/dispose of tools, materials and outfit
USE FARM TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT (AFF321202) – This unit covers the knowledge, skills and attitudes required to use farm tools and equipment. It includes selection, operation and preventive maintenance of farm tools and equipment.
- Select and use farm tools
- Select and operate farm equipment
- Perform preventive maintenance
PERFORM ESTIMATION AND BASIC CALCULATION (AFF321203) – This unit covers the knowledge, skills and attitudes
required to perform basic workplace calculations
- Perform estimation
- Perform basic workplace calculation
PROCESS FARM WASTES (AFF321205) – This unit covers the knowledge, skills and attitudes required to process farm wastes. It comprises functions such as collecting farm wastes, conducting waste identification and segregation, treating and processing farm wastes and performing housekeeping duties.
- Collect farm wastes
- Identify and segregate wastes
- Treat and process
- Perform housekeeping
GLOSSARY OF TERMS
- Barrow – a male swine, castrated (testicles removed) before it reaches sexual maturity
- Boar – uncastrated male swine usually kept for breeding
- Colostrum – first milk from a female animal after giving birth
- Crossbreed – a group of animals produced by mating two or more different breeds or strains of animals
- Culling – is the removal of undesirable or inferior animals in the herd based on important economic traits and overall performance
- Estrus – period of time when the female will accept male. Also known as heat period
- Farrowing – the act of giving birth in pigs or swine
- Gestation Period – refers to the period of carrying the young in the womb
- Gilt – a young female hog that has not given birth yet
- Immunization – prevention of diseases by providing appropriate vaccines to animals
- Inbreeding – mating of closely related animals in a herd
- Livestock – domestic animals kept for use on a farm and raised for sale and profit
- Litter – the offsprings at one birth of a multiparous or animal like swine
- Litter Size – refers to the aggregate number of piglets per farrowing
- Nutrients – food elements or substance found in the feeds such as protein, carbohydrates, fats and others
- Dry sow – a sow whose litter has been weaned but which has not yet been bred or is not pregnant
Purebreeding – is the mating of the unrelated individuals in the same breed
- Ration – the total amount of feeds taken in by an animal during a 24 hour period
- Selection – refers to the process of choosing males and females with desirable characteristics either for breeding or replacement stocks
- Sow – a mature female hog that had given birth
- Swine – a collective term for hogs
- Vaccination – a preventive measure to inoculate an animal with a mildly toxic preparation of bacteria or a virus of specific disease to prevent or to lessen the effects of the disease
- Waterer – equipment used in providing water to animals
- Weanling – refers to a young animal of either sex which has been separated from the mother at the end of the lactation period
List of Schools that offer TESDA Courses for Animal Production (SWINE) NC II
- Achievers International College of Culinary Arts and Technology – Zamboanga City
- Adlawan Farms Corporation – Davao Oriental
- Adoress Farm Training and Assessment Center – Laguna
- Agricultural Training Institute – International Training Center on Pig Husbandry – Batangas
- Alameda Farm – Surigao Del Sur
- Alde Farm – Leyte
- Arteche National Agricultural School (ANAS) Arteche Campus – Eastern Samar
- Ayuman Aggani Training and Assessment Center – Kalinga
- B and B Academy for Skills Training and Assessment – Balagtas – Bulacan
- Best Inc. Integrated-Diversified Farm – Cebu
- Billonid Farm – Agusan Del Norte
- Bonsay Farm – Palawan
- Brilliant Gem Technical School – Misamis Oriental
- Bulusan National Vocational Technical School -Sorsogon
- Callano Farm School and Training Center Corporation – Surigao Del Sur
- Casarino Integrated Farm – Eastern Samar
- Christian Life Learning Center (Phil.) – Pangasinan
- City College of Naga – Camarines Sur
- Concepcion Vocational School – Tarlac
- Cooperators’ Initiative Program on Agroenterprise – Ilocos Sur
- D’ New Orleans Training Center Phils – Davao Del Norte
- D’ Rising Sun Training Center Phils – Marikina City
- D’ Rising Sun Training Center Phils – Muntinlupa
- D’New Orleans Training Center Philippines – Cainta – Rizal
- Daciano Agricultural Training Center – Misamis Oriental
- Davao National Agricultural School – Compostela Valley
- Davao Oriental Polytechnic Institute – Davao Oriental
- Don Bosco Agro-Mechanical Technology Center Legaspi – Albay
- EDFHER Farm – Surigao Del Sur
- Eskwela De Los Mataderos – Ilocos Sur
- Esynergy International Cavite – Imus
- GBS III Agro Farms – North Cotabato
- GenRam Integrated and Diversified Farm Learning Site – Isabela
- Global Experts School of Science and Technology – Pampanga
- Goshen Farm – Eastern Samar
- Greenmont Systems International – Pangasinan
- iFarm – Lanao Del Norte
- Ilano Technical Institute – Cavite
- Ilocos Sur Community College – Ilocos Sur
- Ilocos Sur Polytechnic State College – Ilocos Sur
- Infinity Vocational Training School – Cavite
- Jika Farm – Lanao Del Norte
- Julimon’s Nature Farm – Misamis Oriental
- Kalinga State University – Kalinga
- Kinoguitan National Agricultural School – Misamis Oriental
- Lanao Norte National Agro-Industrial School – Lanao Del Norte
- Lazi Technical Institute – Siquijor
- Leona-Agri Business Vocational School – Davao Del Norte
- LGU – Tampakan Skills Training Center – South Cotabato
- Marcos Agro-Industrial School – Ilocos Norte
- Mary Help of Christians School – Mindoro
- MDM – Sagay College – Negros Occidental
- Mejares Fun Farm – Surigao Del Sur
- MMS Development Training Center – La Union
- MMS Development Training Center – Valencia City – Bukidnon
- MMS Development Training Center Corporation – Cagayan De Oro City – Misamis Oriental
- MMS Development Training Center Corporation – Urdaneta City – Pangasinan
- MMS Development Training Center Corporation Baguio City – Baguio
- MMS Development Training Center Corporation – Las Pinas
- Montañez Agri Venture – Surigao Del Sur
- Mother Earth Products – Pampanga
- Mt. Carmel Agri-Tourism and Training Center – Abra
- Nerio D. Odchimar Agri-Formation Center – Surigao Del Sur
- Northeast Luzon Skills and Technical School – Isabela
- Northern Mindanao School of Fisheries Matabao Campus – Agusan Del Norte
- NTA AgriPinoy Training School – Ilocos Sur
- Nueva Vizcaya Polytechnic Institute – Nueva Vizcaya
- Octa-M Farm Products – Compostela Valley
- Oroquieta Agro-Industrial School – Misamis Occidental
- Pampanga State Agricultural University – Pampanga
- Quality Lifelong Learning Institute – Aurora
- Quality Lifelong Learning Institute – Rizal
- Quezon National Agricultural School – Quezon
- R.E.A Multiplier Farm – Misamis Oriental
- ROMMCO Agritech College – Oriental Mindoro
- San Roque Dairy Farm – Misamis Oriental
- Siliman University Ticao Island – Masbate
- Sogbohan Agri Training Institute – Surigao Del Norte
- Sorosoro Ibaba Development Cooperative – Batangas
- Sorsogon National Agricultural School – Sorsogon
- Surigao Del Norte College of Agriculture & Technology – Magpayang Campus – Surigao Del Norte
- Tam-an Agri-Tech Tourism and Training Center – Nueva Vizcaya
- Touche’ Technical Institute – Misamis Oriental
- Van Technological and Skills Academy – Batangas
- Venida Farm – Lanao Del Norte
- Villaconzoilo Farm – Leyte
- Virgen Milagrosa University Foundation – Pangasinan
- Wangan National Agricultural School – Davao Del Sur
- Yamang Bukid Farm – Palawan
- Zamboanga Del Sur Provincial Government College – Zamboanga Del Sur